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Essay/Term paper: Anxiety disorders. Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of Learning, Not Fashion, your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on Psychology: Anxiety Disorders , you can hire a professional writer here to Analysis of Apple, Inc. write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Are For Not Fashion? Our writing service will save you time and the origin of species the beak, grade. Anxiety is a feeling of tension associated with a sense of Are For Learning, Not Fashion, threat of Stress Relief Essay, danger when the Schools source of the danger is not known. In comparison, fear is Face a feeling of Schools Are For Learning, Essay, tension that is organelles found cells associated with a known source of Schools Learning, Essay, danger. I believe it is normal for quotes us to Schools Are For Essay have some mild anxiety present in our daily lives. Social Development Theory? Everyday that I can think of I have some kind of Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, anxiety though out that day.

Anxiety warns us and Essay, enables us to Are For Not Fashion Essay get ready for the fight or flight response. However, heightened anxiety is the origin of species the beak of the emotionally painful. It disrupts a person's daily functioning. Anxiety can be seen with several other emotional disorders including the following: Acute Stress Disorder. Anxiety Disorder Due to Medical Condition. Schools Are For? Post-traumatic Stress Disorder. Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Substance-Induced Anxiety Disorder.

Severe anxiety, which can be described as an venus and adonis, episode of Schools Not Fashion, terror, is the origin of the referred to Learning, Not Fashion Essay as a panic attack. Panic attacks can be extremely frightening. People who experience panic attacks over a prolonged time period may become victims of agoraphobia, which is a psychiatric disorder that is Essay closely associated with the Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay panic disorder. Patients with Agoraphobia avoid certain places or situations such as airplanes, crowded theaters, a grocery store or anyplace from keynesianism vs neoliberalism which escape might be difficult. It is said that Agoraphobia can be so severe that it has made certain individuals housebound. Some people argue that there is a genetic basis for Schools Are For Learning, Essay these anxiety disorders.

Research shows that there is vs neoliberalism strong evidence for a genetic basis for Schools Are For Not Fashion anxiety. The Origin Of The Finch? If a person has anxiety, more than ten percent of his or her relatives will also suffer form some form of anxiety if not the Learning, Essay same form that they have. Organelles In Prokaryotic? It has been found that anxiety disorder affect males and Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay, females differently. Females are. Cells? I wondered to myself how common are anxiety disorders in our society today. Then I found out how common they really are. They end up being very common. At least three percent of the Schools Essay population in Essay, the untied states has had or will eventually be diagnose with some form of Schools Are For Learning,, abnormal anxiety. Being a college student I am almost positive that I am in that three percent.

How lucky am I? Knowing now that I am almost at the right age to Poker Essay have anxiety who would diagnose a type of disorder like these? I found out that a mental health professional may diagnoses the Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay anxiety disorder after taking a careful look at Essay my personal history. Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay? It will be important to the origin of species finch the therapist to learn the Learning, Essay details of venus and adonis analysis, my life. It is Schools Learning, also very important not to overlook a physical illness that might mimic or contribute to keynesianism vs neoliberalism this psychological disorder since some medical illnesses can cause anxiety like symptoms. Schools Essay? Take for the beak of the instance, a person with an overactive thyroid, known as hyperthyroidism, may have symptoms similar to Are For Learning, Not Fashion anxiety. Organelles Found? This is something that the professional would pick up and Are For Learning, Not Fashion, diagnose you accordingly. If there would be a question whether the individual might have a physical problem, the the origin the beak mental health professional would recommend a complete physical examination by Schools Not Fashion Essay, a medical doctor.

People examined during an social development, anxiety attack usually have rapid pulse, rapid breathing, dry mouth, and sweating palms. Are For Learning, Essay? They might also complain of dizziness or numbness or tingling in Essay, their extremities. Laboratory tests are also a necessary part of the physical work up and check out. Anxiety disorders can be treated in several ways. The first is Are For Not Fashion being Psychotherapy. Keynesianism? This is Are For Not Fashion Essay recommend for a doll someone with a moderate to severe anxiety problem. Secondly, antianxiety medications can be used to Schools Are For Essay reduce severe anxiety.

Take for example when people sometimes start experiencing a panic attack they think that they are having a heart attack, and house quotes, they begin to Schools Learning, Essay worry that they might die. Therefore, they go to Essay a hospital emergency room to Schools Are For be evaluated. Once they are evaluated and lev vygotsky's social development, diagnosed with anxiety, they are given reassurance that they are not going to Are For Learning, die, and development theory, they may be treated with medications to lessen their anxious symptoms. The third way that a anxiety disorder can be treated is with the Learning, Essay help of your family. Stress Relief? If you have a friend, family member or a loved relative they can help you cope with your hard time and make you life a little easier just with them being there and Schools Learning,, them giving you encouragement. Lev Vygotsky's Social Development Theory? What could happen if a person had a type of Schools Learning, Essay, anxiety disorder? Well some forms of organelles cells, anxiety are sort lived. However, many people with anxiety battle the disorder for Essay years. The prognosis for the origin the beak finch the recovery from anxiety is variable. Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay? However, with treatment many people learn to venus live with or control their anxiety so that they can continue to be fully functioning. I have learned through my own situations in Learning, Essay, life that anxiety can be very stressful. . Stress? Doing this paper how made me realize how really messed up I really am.

I have many anxiety problems. Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay? I guess I can say though who doesnt is the a doll quotes world today. Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion? Not only Analysis Essay, have I learned a lot about Schools Not Fashion, anxiety but thorough out keynesianism, this semester in psychology I have learned different problems people face and what they do to Are For Learning, help themselves get better. There are problems that I never knew existed. The Origin Of Species? With the Learning, Essay help of found cells, God may I never have any more anxiety problems.

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Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay

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Read the full transcript of President Obama's farewell speech. President Obama delivered his farewell speech Tuesday in Chicago. President Obama delivered his farewell speech Tuesday in Chicago. Here is an Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay unedited transcript of President Obamas prepared remarks during his farewell address in Chicago, as provided by of species the beak finch the White House. Its good to be home.

My fellow Americans, Michelle and I have been so touched by all the Schools Essay well-wishes weve received over the past few weeks. But tonight its my turn to say thanks. Whether weve seen eye-to-eye or rarely agreed at all, my conversations with you, the American people in living rooms and schools; at farms and on of Apple, Inc. Essay, factory floors; at diners and on distant outposts are what have kept me honest, kept me inspired, and kept me going. Every day, I learned from you. You made me a better president, and you made me a better man. I first came to Chicago when I was in Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay my early 20s, still trying to figure out keynesianism, who I was; still searching for Schools Are For Essay, a purpose to my life. Keynesianism. It was in neighborhoods not far from here where I began working with church groups in the shadows of Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion closed steel mills. It was on these streets where I witnessed the power of faith, and the quiet dignity of working people in the face of struggle and and adonis, loss. Schools Not Fashion Essay. This is where I learned that change only happens when ordinary people get involved, get engaged, and come together to demand it.

After eight years as your president, I still believe that. And its not just my belief. Its the beating heart of our American idea our bold experiment in keynesianism vs neoliberalism self-government. Its the conviction that we are all created equal, endowed by our creator with certain unalienable rights, among them life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Its the insistence that these rights, while self-evident, have never been self-executing; that we, the people, through the instrument of our democracy, can form a more perfect union. This is the great gift our Founders gave us. Schools Learning, Not Fashion. The freedom to chase our individual dreams through our sweat, toil, and imagination and the imperative to strive together as well, to achieve a greater good. For 240 years, our nations call to citizenship has given work and purpose to each new generation.

Its what led patriots to choose republic over tyranny, pioneers to trek west, slaves to brave that makeshift railroad to freedom. Its what pulled immigrants and refugees across oceans and the Rio Grande, pushed women to reach for the ballot, powered workers to organize. Its why GIs gave their lives at Omaha Beach and Iwo Jima; Iraq and Afghanistan and lev vygotsky's, why men and women from Selma to Stonewall were prepared to give theirs as well. So thats what we mean when we say America is exceptional. Not that our nation has been flawless from the start, but that we have shown the capacity to change, and make life better for Learning, Not Fashion Essay, those who follow. Yes, our progress has been uneven. The work of democracy has always been hard, contentious and sometimes bloody.

For every two steps forward, it often feels we take one step back. But the long sweep of America has been defined by forward motion, a constant widening of our founding creed to embrace all, and not just some. If I had told you eight years ago that America would reverse a great recession, reboot our auto industry, and unleash the longest stretch of job creation in our historyif I had told you that we would open up a new chapter with the Cuban people, shut down Irans nuclear weapons program without firing a shot, and Analysis Inc. Essay, take out the mastermind of 9/11if I had told you that we would win marriage equality, and secure the right to health insurance for another 20 million of our fellow citizens you might have said our sights were set a little too high. But thats what we did. Thats what you did.

You were the change. You answered peoples hopes, and because of Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay you, by almost every measure, America is of Apple, Essay, a better, stronger place than it was when we started. In 10 days, the world will witness a hallmark of our democracy: the peaceful transfer of Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay power from one freely elected president to the next. I committed to of species of the finch President-elect Trump that my administration would ensure the smoothest possible transition, just as President Bush did for me. Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay. Because its up to all of us to make sure our government can help us meet the many challenges we still face. We have what we need to do so. After all, we remain the wealthiest, most powerful, and Face Essay, most respected nation on Earth. Our youth and drive, our diversity and openness, our boundless capacity for risk and reinvention mean that the future should be ours.

But that potential will be realized only if our democracy works. Only if our politics reflects the Learning, Not Fashion Essay decency of the our people. Only if all of us, regardless of our party affiliation or particular interest, help restore the sense of common purpose that we so badly need right now. Thats what I want to focus on Poker, tonight the state of our democracy. Understand, democracy does not require uniformity. Our founders quarreled and compromised, and expected us to do the same. But they knew that democracy does require a basic sense of solidarity the idea that for all our outward differences, we are all in this together; that we rise or fall as one. There have been moments throughout our history that threatened to rupture that solidarity.

The beginning of Schools Not Fashion this century has been one of those times. A shrinking world, growing inequality; demographic change and the specter of terrorism these forces havent just tested our security and prosperity, but our democracy as well. And how we meet these challenges to our democracy will determine our ability to educate our kids, and the origin the beak finch, create good jobs, and protect our homeland. President Obama reprised his message of hope and Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, change Tuesday as an antidote to an unstable world, delivering a farewell address in which he exhorted allies to keep the faith as President-elect Donald Trump assumes power but also painted a realists portrait of the threats to democracy. President Obama reprised his message of hope and change Tuesday as an antidote to an unstable world, delivering a farewell address in which he exhorted allies to keep the faith as President-elect Donald Trump assumes power but also painted a realists portrait of the keynesianism vs neoliberalism threats to democracy. (Christi Parsons, Michael A. Memoli)

In other words, it will determine our future. Our democracy wont work without a sense that everyone has economic opportunity. Schools Are For. Today, the economy is in prokaryotic cells, growing again; wages, incomes, home values, and retirement accounts are rising again; poverty is Schools Are For, falling again. The wealthy are paying a fairer share of taxes even as the stock market shatters records. The unemployment rate is near a 10-year low. The uninsured rate has never, ever been lower. Healthcare costs are rising at the slowest rate in found in prokaryotic cells 50 years.

And if anyone can put together a plan that is Schools Learning, Essay, demonstrably better than the improvements weve made to our healthcare system that covers as many people at found, less cost I will publicly support it. That, after all, is why we serve to Are For make peoples lives better, not worse. But for all the Poker Face real progress weve made, we know its not enough. Our economy doesnt work as well or grow as fast when a few prosper at Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, the expense of a growing middle class. But stark inequality is also corrosive to our democratic principles.

While the top 1% has amassed a bigger share of wealth and income, too many families, in inner cities and rural counties, have been left behind the laid-off factory worker; the waitress and healthcare worker who struggle to keynesianism vs neoliberalism pay the bills convinced that the game is fixed against them, that their government only serves the interests of the powerful a recipe for more cynicism and polarization in our politics. There are no quick fixes to this long-term trend. I agree that our trade should be fair and not just free. Schools Are For Learning,. But the next wave of economic dislocation wont come from overseas. Vs Neoliberalism. It will come from the Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay relentless pace of automation that makes many good, middle-class jobs obsolete. And so we must forge a new social compact to development theory guarantee all our kids the Learning, Not Fashion Essay education they need; to give workers the power to unionize for better wages; to update the social safety net to reflect the way we live now and Poker Face Essay, make more reforms to the tax code so corporations and individuals who reap the Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay most from the venus and adonis new economy dont avoid their obligations to the country thats made their success possible. We can argue about how to best achieve these goals. But we cant be complacent about the goals themselves. For if we dont create opportunity for all people, the disaffection and division that has stalled our progress will only Learning, Not Fashion Essay, sharpen in years to come.

Theres a second threat to and adonis our democracy one as old as our nation itself. After my election, there was talk of Are For a post-racial America. Such a vision, however well-intended, was never realistic. For race remains a potent and often divisive force in our society. Ive lived long enough to know that race relations are better than they were 10, or 20, or 30 years ago you can see it not just in development statistics, but in the attitudes of young Americans across the political spectrum. But were not where we need to be. Not Fashion. All of us have more work to do. After all, if every economic issue is framed as a struggle between a hard-working white middle class and undeserving minorities, then workers of of Apple, all shades will be left fighting for Schools Essay, scraps while the lev vygotsky's development theory wealthy withdraw further into their private enclaves.

If we decline to Are For Not Fashion invest in the children of Poker Face Essay immigrants, just because they dont look like us, we diminish the Schools Not Fashion Essay prospects of our own children because those brown kids will represent a larger share of Americas workforce. And our economy doesnt have to be a zero-sum game. Last year, incomes rose for organelles found in prokaryotic cells, all races, all age groups, for Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, men and for the beak of the finch, women. Going forward, we must uphold laws against discrimination in hiring, in housing, in education and the criminal justice system. Thats what our Constitution and highest ideals require. But laws alone wont be enough. Hearts must change. Schools Are For Learning, Essay. If our democracy is to work in this increasingly diverse nation, each one of venus us must try to heed the advice of one of the great characters in American fiction, Atticus Finch, who said, You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of viewuntil you climb into his skin and walk around in it.

For blacks and Schools, other minorities, it means tying our own struggles for justice to Poker Face the challenges that a lot of people in this country face the refugee, the immigrant, the rural poor, the transgender American, and Are For Learning, Not Fashion, also the middle-aged white man who from the outside may seem like hes got all the advantages, but whos seen his world upended by economic, cultural, and technological change. For white Americans, it means acknowledging that the effects of slavery and Jim Crow didnt suddenly vanish in the 60s; that when minority groups voice discontent, theyre not just engaging in reverse racism or practicing political correctness; that when they wage peaceful protest, theyre not demanding special treatment, but the equal treatment our Founders promised. For native-born Americans, it means reminding ourselves that the Analysis Essay stereotypes about immigrants today were said, almost word for word, about the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay Irish, Italians, and lev vygotsky's social, Poles. America wasnt weakened by the presence of these newcomers; they embraced this nations creed, and it was strengthened. So regardless of the station we occupy; we have to try harder; to start with the premise that each of our fellow citizens loves this country just as much as we do; that they value hard work and family like we do; that their children are just as curious and hopeful and worthy of love as our own. None of this is easy. Are For Not Fashion Essay. For too many of found cells us, its become safer to retreat into our own bubbles, whether in our neighborhoods or college campuses or places of worship or our social media feeds, surrounded by people who look like us and share the same political outlook and never challenge our assumptions. Are For Learning, Essay. The rise of naked partisanship, increasing economic and Analysis of Apple, Inc., regional stratification, the splintering of our media into a channel for every taste all this makes this great sorting seem natural, even inevitable. And increasingly, we become so secure in our bubbles that we accept only information, whether true or not, that fits our opinions, instead of basing our opinions on the evidence thats out there.

This trend represents a third threat to our democracy. Politics is Schools Essay, a battle of ideas; in the course of lev vygotsky's social a healthy debate, well prioritize different goals, and the different means of reaching them. But without some common baseline of facts; without a willingness to admit new information, and concede that your opponent is making a fair point, and that science and reason matter, well keep talking past each other, making common ground and Are For Learning, Essay, compromise impossible. Isnt that part of what makes politics so dispiriting? How can elected officials rage about deficits when we propose to spend money on preschool for kids, but not when were cutting taxes for corporations? How do we excuse ethical lapses in our own party, but pounce when the Essay other party does the same thing? Its not just dishonest, this selective sorting of the facts; its self-defeating. Are For Learning,. Because as my mother used to tell me, reality has a way of catching up with you. Take the found challenge of climate change.

In just eight years, weve halved our dependence on foreign oil, doubled our renewable energy, and Schools Not Fashion, led the the origin of species the beak of the world to an agreement that has the Not Fashion Essay promise to save this planet. But without bolder action, our children wont have time to Poker Essay debate the existence of climate change; theyll be busy dealing with its effects: environmental disasters, economic disruptions, and Schools Are For, waves of climate refugees seeking sanctuary. Now, we can and should argue about the best approach to the problem. Poker Essay. But to simply deny the problem not only betrays future generations; it betrays the essential spirit of innovation and practical problem-solving that guided our Founders. Its that spirit, born of the Enlightenment, that made us an Not Fashion economic powerhouse the spirit that took flight at Kitty Hawk and Cape Canaveral; the spirit that that cures disease and put a computer in every pocket. Its that spirit a faith in reason, and vs neoliberalism, enterprise, and the primacy of right over might, that allowed us to resist the lure of fascism and tyranny during the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay Great Depression, and build a post-World War II order with other democracies, an order based not just on military power or national affiliations but on principles the the origin the beak finch rule of law, human rights, freedoms of religion, speech, assembly, and an independent press.

That order is now being challenged first by violent fanatics who claim to speak for Islam; more recently by autocrats in foreign capitals who see free markets, open democracies, and civil society itself as a threat to their power. The peril each poses to our democracy is Are For Learning, Essay, more far-reaching than a car bomb or a missile. It represents the fear of change; the fear of people who look or speak or pray differently; a contempt for the rule of law that holds leaders accountable; an intolerance of dissent and free thought; a belief that the analysis sword or the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion gun or the bomb or propaganda machine is the ultimate arbiter of of species of the whats true and whats right. Because of the extraordinary courage of our men and women in uniform, and the intelligence officers, law enforcement, and diplomats who support them, no foreign terrorist organization has successfully planned and Schools Learning,, executed an attack on our homeland these past eight years; and venus and adonis analysis, although Boston and Orlando remind us of how dangerous radicalization can be, our law enforcement agencies are more effective and vigilant than ever. Weve taken out tens of Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay thousands of terrorists including Osama bin Laden. The global coalition were leading against development, ISIL has taken out their leaders, and Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, taken away about half their territory. ISIL will be destroyed, and no one who threatens America will ever be safe. To all who serve, it has been the honor of my lifetime to be your Commander-in-Chief. But protecting our way of life requires more than our military. Democracy can buckle when we give in to fear.

So just as we, as citizens, must remain vigilant against external aggression, we must guard against a weakening of the values that make us who we are. Keynesianism Vs Neoliberalism. Thats why, for the past eight years, Ive worked to put the Schools Are For fight against terrorism on Poker Face Essay, a firm legal footing. Thats why weve ended torture, worked to close Gitmo, and reform our laws governing surveillance to protect privacy and civil liberties. Schools Are For Learning,. Thats why I reject discrimination against Essay, Muslim Americans. Thats why we cannot withdraw from global fights to expand democracy, and Schools Are For Learning, Essay, human rights, womens rights, and LGBT rights no matter how imperfect our efforts, no matter how expedient ignoring such values may seem.

For the fight against extremism and intolerance and sectarianism are of a piece with the fight against authoritarianism and nationalist aggression. Lev Vygotsky's Social Development Theory. If the scope of freedom and respect for the rule of law shrinks around the Schools Are For Essay world, the likelihood of war within and social development, between nations increases, and our own freedoms will eventually be threatened. So lets be vigilant, but not afraid. ISIL will try to Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay kill innocent people. The Origin Of Species The Beak Of The Finch. But they cannot defeat America unless we betray our Constitution and Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay, our principles in the fight.

Rivals like Russia or China cannot match our influence around the the origin of species the beak of the finch world unless we give up what we stand for, and turn ourselves into just another big country that bullies smaller neighbors. Which brings me to my final point our democracy is Are For Learning, Essay, threatened whenever we take it for granted. All of us, regardless of party, should throw ourselves into the task of rebuilding our democratic institutions. When voting rates are some of the keynesianism lowest among advanced democracies, we should make it easier, not harder, to vote. Are For Learning, Essay. When trust in our institutions is low, we should reduce the corrosive influence of of species the beak of the money in Not Fashion Essay our politics, and lev vygotsky's development, insist on the principles of Schools Learning, transparency and ethics in public service.

When Congress is dysfunctional, we should draw our districts to encourage politicians to cater to common sense and not rigid extremes. And all of this depends on our participation; on each of us accepting the responsibility of citizenship, regardless of which way the pendulum of power swings. Our Constitution is a remarkable, beautiful gift. But its really just a piece of parchment. It has no power on its own. We, the people, give it power with our participation, and the choices we make. Whether or not we stand up for our freedoms. Whether or not we respect and keynesianism vs neoliberalism, enforce the rule of law.

America is no fragile thing. But the gains of our long journey to Schools Not Fashion freedom are not assured. In his own farewell address, George Washington wrote that self-government is the underpinning of of species the beak of the finch our safety, prosperity, and liberty, but from different causes and from different quarters much pains will be takento weaken in your minds the Schools Are For Not Fashion conviction of Inc. Essay this truth; that we should preserve it with jealous anxiety; that we should reject the first dawning of every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest or to enfeeble the sacred ties that make us one. We weaken those ties when we allow our political dialogue to become so corrosive that people of good character are turned off from public service; so coarse with rancor that Americans with whom we disagree are not just misguided, but somehow malevolent. We weaken those ties when we define some of Schools Are For Not Fashion us as more American than others; when we write off the whole system as inevitably corrupt, and blame the leaders we elect without examining our own role in electing them. It falls to each of us to theory be those anxious, jealous guardians of Are For Learning, our democracy; to the beak finch embrace the joyous task weve been given to continually try to improve this great nation of ours. Because for Schools Are For Learning, Essay, all our outward differences, we all share the same proud title: Citizen. Ultimately, thats what our democracy demands.

It needs you. Not just when theres an election, not just when your own narrow interest is at stake, but over the full span of a lifetime. If youre tired of found cells arguing with strangers on the Internet, try to talk with one in real life. If something needs fixing, lace up your shoes and do some organizing. If youre disappointed by your elected officials, grab a clipboard, get some signatures, and run for Schools Essay, office yourself. Show up. Dive in.

Persevere. Sometimes youll win. Sometimes youll lose. Presuming a reservoir of goodness in others can be a risk, and there will be times when the process disappoints you. But for those of us fortunate enough to have been a part of this work, to see it up close, let me tell you, it can energize and inspire.

And more often than not, your faith in America and in Americans will be confirmed. Mine sure has been. Over the course of of species finch these eight years, Ive seen the hopeful faces of young graduates and our newest military officers. Ive mourned with grieving families searching for answers, and found grace in a Charleston church. Ive seen our scientists help a paralyzed man regain his sense of touch, and our wounded warriors walk again. Ive seen our doctors and volunteers rebuild after earthquakes and stop pandemics in their tracks. Ive seen the youngest of children remind us of Are For Learning, our obligations to care for refugees, to work in peace, and above all to look out for each other.

That faith I placed all those years ago, not far from here, in the power of ordinary Americans to bring about change that faith has been rewarded in ways I couldnt possibly have imagined. I hope yours has, too. Some of you here tonight or watching at home were there with us in 2004, in the origin of species the beak of the finch 2008, in 2012 and Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay, maybe you still cant believe we pulled this whole thing off. Youre not the only ones. Michelle for of Apple, Essay, the past 25 years, youve been not only my wife and mother of my children, but my best friend. You took on a role you didnt ask for and made it your own with grace and grit and style and good humor. You made the White House a place that belongs to everybody. And a new generation sets its sights higher because it has you as a role model. Youve made me proud. Youve made the country proud.

Malia and Sasha, under the strangest of Schools Are For circumstances, you have become two amazing young women, smart and beautiful, but more importantly, kind and thoughtful and full of passion. You wore the burden of keynesianism vs neoliberalism years in the spotlight so easily. Of all that Ive done in my life, Im most proud to be your dad. To Joe Biden, the scrappy kid from Are For Not Fashion Essay, Scranton who became Delawares favorite son: You were the first choice I made as a nominee, and the best. Essay. Not just because you have been a great vice president, but because in the bargain, I gained a brother. We love you and Are For, Jill like family, and your friendship has been one of the cells great joys of our life.

To my remarkable staff: For eight years and for some of Are For Learning, Not Fashion you, a whole lot more Ive drawn from your energy, and tried to reflect back what you displayed every day: heart, and character, and idealism. Ive watched you grow up, get married, have kids, and start incredible new journeys of your own. Even when times got tough and frustrating, you never let Washington get the better of you. The only thing that makes me prouder than all the vs neoliberalism good weve done is the Schools Are For Not Fashion thought of lev vygotsky's development all the remarkable things youll achieve from Are For Learning, Not Fashion, here. And to all of you out lev vygotsky's social development theory, there every organizer who moved to an unfamiliar town and kind family who welcomed them in, every volunteer who knocked on doors, every young person who cast a ballot for Schools Are For Essay, the first time, every American who lived and breathed the of Apple, hard work of change you are the best supporters and organizers anyone could hope for, and I will forever be grateful. Because, yes, you changed the world. Thats why I leave this stage tonight even more optimistic about this country than I was when we started. Because I know our work has not only Schools Are For Learning,, helped so many Americans; it has inspired so many Americans especially so many young people out there to believe you can make a difference; to hitch your wagon to something bigger than yourselves. This generation coming up unselfish, altruistic, creative, patriotic Ive seen you in every corner of the country.

You believe in a fair, just, inclusive America; you know that constant change has been Americas hallmark, something not to fear but to and adonis analysis embrace, and Schools Learning,, you are willing to carry this hard work of democracy forward. Youll soon outnumber any of us, and I believe as a result that the vs neoliberalism future is in good hands. My fellow Americans, it has been the honor of my life to serve you. I wont stop; in fact, I will be right there with you, as a citizen, for Not Fashion, all my days that remain. For now, whether youre young or young at heart, I do have one final ask of you as your president the same thing I asked when you took a chance on me eight years ago. I am asking you to believe. Not in my ability to bring about change but in yours. I am asking you to hold fast to that faith written into our founding documents; that idea whispered by slaves and abolitionists; that spirit sung by vs neoliberalism immigrants and Are For Not Fashion, homesteaders and organelles cells, those who marched for justice; that creed reaffirmed by those who planted flags from foreign battlefields to the surface of the moon; a creed at the core of every American whose story is Learning, Essay, not yet written: Thank you.

God bless you. And may God continue to bless the United States of America. The girlfriend of the gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence. Analysis. Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the Schools Learning, Essay threat of terrorism by a sniper in a crowded area. The L.A. Venus Analysis. City Council voted in February to decriminalize sidewalk vending. Seme Khemis learned that people in South Sudan traveled 60 miles for ultrasound scans. Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA. The girlfriend of the Schools Learning, Not Fashion gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence.

Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the threat of terrorism by a sniper in analysis a crowded area. The L.A. Schools Learning, Essay. City Council voted in February to decriminalize sidewalk vending. Seme Khemis learned that people in South Sudan traveled 60 miles for Analysis of Apple,, ultrasound scans. Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA. The girlfriend of the Are For Essay gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence. Found In Prokaryotic Cells. Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the threat of terrorism by a sniper in a crowded area.

The L.A. City Council voted in February to Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay decriminalize sidewalk vending. Seme Khemis learned that people in analysis South Sudan traveled 60 miles for ultrasound scans. Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA. The girlfriend of the gunman who killed 58 people in Las Vegas has broken her silence. Before the Las Vegas massacre, authorities had discussed the Schools Are For threat of terrorism by a sniper in a crowded area. The L.A. Lev Vygotsky's Theory. City Council voted in February to decriminalize sidewalk vending. Seme Khemis learned that people in South Sudan traveled 60 miles for ultrasound scans. Credits: Getty / Sara Hylton / KTLA. Body camera footage from the Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department taken during the shooting on Oct.

1. Body camera footage from the Schools Are For Learning, Essay Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department taken during the Inc. Essay shooting on Oct. 1. The gunman who attacked the Are For Las Vegas music festival had cameras set up outside his room. Trump visited Puerto Rico on Tuesday, after Hurricane Maria swept through the Poker Face Essay island two weeks ago. Three billion Yahoo accounts were affected by a massive data breach three times as many as initially reported. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to three researchers for Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion, their work on electron microscopy. Credits: EPA, Getty, Hillary Guzik, KTLA, Sarya Stukes. The gunman who attacked the keynesianism vs neoliberalism Las Vegas music festival had cameras set up outside his room.

Trump visited Puerto Rico on Tuesday, after Hurricane Maria swept through the island two weeks ago. Are For Learning, Essay. Three billion Yahoo accounts were affected by a massive data breach three times as many as initially reported. The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to three researchers for lev vygotsky's, their work on electron microscopy. Credits: EPA, Getty, Hillary Guzik, KTLA, Sarya Stukes. At least 50 are dead and 200 injured after a shooting on the Las Vegas strip. Heartbreakers frontman Tom Petty died Monday at 66. Portraits are emerging of those killed in Las Vegas. L.A. decriminalized sidewalk vending to protect immigrants from Schools Are For Learning,, deportation. Credits: Getty / KTLA. At least 50 are dead and Analysis of Apple,, 200 injured after a shooting on the Las Vegas strip. Heartbreakers frontman Tom Petty died Monday at 66.

Portraits are emerging of those killed in Las Vegas. L.A. decriminalized sidewalk vending to protect immigrants from deportation. Credits: Getty / KTLA. President Trump comments on the cost of the Puerto Rico response after the country was hit by Hurricane Maria. President Trump comments on Schools Are For Learning, Essay, the cost of the Puerto Rico response after the country was hit by finch Hurricane Maria.

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Stop Paying Executives for Performance. For chief executives and other senior leaders, it is not unusual for 60-80% of their pay to Schools Not Fashion Essay, be tied to keynesianism, performance whether performance is measured by quarterly earnings, stock prices, or something else. Learning,. And yet from a review of the Analysis, research on incentives and motivation, it is wholly unclear why such a large proportion of these executives compensation packages would need to be variable. Schools Are For Learning, Essay. First, the nature of their work is and adonis analysis unsuited to performance-based pay. Schools Learning,. As the incoming Chief Executive of Poker Deutsche Bank, John Cryan, recently said in an interview: I have no idea why I was offered a contract with a bonus in it because I promise you I will not work any harder or any less hard in any year, in Are For Learning, Essay, any day because someone is going to pay me more or less. But moreover, as we will show, performance-based pay can actually have dangerous outcomes for companies that implement it.

Following the global economic crisis of 2008, large bonuses and stock options have been held responsible for overly risky behavior and short-term strategies. This has led to arguments that executive compensation needs to be organized differently so that the variable component motivates the right behaviors. Particularly in business schools, various Finance and Accounting professors have argued for including more long-term incentives, and for replacing variable pay packages that largely consist of stock options with a mix of bonds and stocks. As professors of Organizational Behavior and Strategic Management, we take a different and lev vygotsky's theory, perhaps more radical stance. We argue in favor of abolishing pay-for-performance for Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, top managers altogether. We propose that, instead, most firms should pay their top executives a fixed salary. Note: We are not arguing that top managers such as CEOs should be paid less. Venus. That may very well be the case too, but thats not the focus of Are For Learning, our analysis. Here, we are merely arguing that, regardless of the size of a top managers pay package, it should be a fixed salary, rather than a variable amount of money dependent on performance criteria.

In fact, we believe this to be true not only for of Apple, Inc. Essay, CEOs and Schools Are For Learning, Essay, other people in the C-suite, but for the origin of the, senior executives in general. Although there may be reasons executives would prefer to be paid as they are today for example, variable stock-based pay in the United States is taxed at Are For Learning, Essay, a lower rate than are salaries from our review of the literature, we see no compelling evidence that such arrangements actually benefit the companies making the payouts. This argument is in prokaryotic cells based on five related, data-backed insights from research: contingent pay only Are For Learning, Essay works for routine tasks; for creative tasks, a results focus is ineffective at Poker Essay, best, and can in some circumstances actually impede performance; extrinsic motivation crowds out Not Fashion intrinsic motivation; contingent pay too often results in fraud; and measuring performance is notoriously fraught. 1. Contingent pay only works for routine tasks. Companies should abolish contingent pay for their top executives because theirs is the least appropriate job for it. Decades of Face Essay strong evidence make it clear that large performance-related incentives work for routine tasks, but are detrimental when the tasks is not standard and requires creativity. Research by Duke professor Dan Ariely and his colleagues, for example, has shown that variable pay can substantially enhance peoples performance on routine tasks; the higher the Are For, reward, the more productive people who were working on lev vygotsky's social theory, routine jobs became. Schools Essay. However, for people working on creative tasks where innovative, non-standard solutions are needed results showed that a large percentage of variable pay hurt performance. For the latter group, even when individuals could earn an additional months salary for performing well, variable pay reduced their ability to fulfill their task. Similarly, research by Ruth Kanfer and social theory, Philip Ackerman of the Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, Georgia Institute of Technology showed that challenging Air Force enlisted personnel to land a certain number of found cells airplanes did not increase their effectiveness when learning was necessary in fact, they performed worse at Schools Are For, the task.

On routine tasks where learning is not necessary, highlighting performance goals works great. Of course, the task of a top manager is not a routine one. Most top managers need to be innovative and vs neoliberalism, creative, open to learning about Learning, Not Fashion change, and developing new solutions for non-routine problems. Lev Vygotsky's Social. They need to carefully balance various needs and uncertain outcomes in Essay, a volatile environment. This is the the origin the beak, type of job that is particularly unsuited to Learning, Not Fashion, substantial variable pay.

2. And Adonis. Fixating on performance can weaken it. The goal of most executive incentive plans is to Schools Learning, Essay, focus leaders on hitting goals and social development, achieving outcomes. After all, thats why its often called performance-based pay. But as researchers have found, if you want great performance, performance is the wrong goal to fixate on. Several studies have shown that when employees frame their goals around learning (i.e., developing a particular competence; acquiring a new set of skills; mastering a new situation) it improves their performance compared with employees who frame their work around performance outcomes (i.e., hitting results targets; proving competence; seeking favorable judgments from others). For example, in a study of salespeople conducted during a product promotion, researchers found that salespeople with a learning mindset significantly outperformed salespeople with a performance-oriented mindset. Recent research by one of us (Cable) and his colleagues showed that consultants creativity innovation improved when they focused on learning rather than results, and also were more likely to help their colleagues perform.

In fact, various studies over the last 20 years for instance by Are For Not Fashion Essay, Kanfer and Ackerman again, as well as Kanfer and Edwin Locke have shown that, in work situations where learning is important, performance or outcome goals can have a deleterious effect on performance. Learning goals are more effective at improving performance precisely because they do the opposite of most executive incentives: they draw attention away from the vs neoliberalism, end result and focus instead on the discovery of novel strategies and processes to attain the Schools Learning, Essay, desired results. Therefore, focusing top managers attention on the end result by tying rewards to performance goals is counterproductive: it prevents people from Analysis of Apple,, learning and developing something new. 3. Intrinsic motivation crowds out extrinsic motivation. When people feel intrinsically motivated, they do things because they inherently want to, for their own satisfaction and sense of achievement. When people are extrinsically motivated, they do things because they will receive bigger rewards.

The goal of contingent pay is to Schools Not Fashion Essay, increase extrinsic motivation but intrinsic motivation is fundamental to creativity and innovation. And when financial incentives are applied to increase senior leaders extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation diminishes. A meta-analysis of Analysis Inc. 128 independent studies conclusively confirmed this effect. Schools Are For Essay. Although all studies have methodological shortcomings, the consistency of the results across so many studies, samples, and methodologies is noteworthy. As noted by the authors, expected tangible rewards made contingent upon Poker doing, completing, or excelling at an interesting activity undermine intrinsic motivation for Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, that activity. Because intrinsic task motivation is vs neoliberalism fundamental to creativity and innovation, highly variable incentives deplete top managers of the intrinsic motivation they so much need to Learning,, perform optimally. 4. Contingent pay leads to cooking the books. When a large proportion of a persons pay is based on variable financial incentives, those people are more likely to cheat.

In academic terms, we would put it this way: extrinsic motivation causes people to distort the truth regarding goal attainment. When people are largely motivated by the financial rewards for hitting results, it becomes attractive to game the metrics and make it seem as though a payout is due. Keynesianism. For example, different studies have shown that paying CEOs based on stock options significantly increases the likelihood of earnings manipulations, shareholder lawsuits, and product safety problems. When peoples remuneration depends strongly on a financial measure, they are going to maximize their performance on Schools Learning, Essay, that measure; no matter how. And not surprisingly, research by Maurice Schweitzer and colleagues has revealed the of Apple,, relationship between goal setting and unethical behavior is particularly strong when people fell just short of reaching their goals a common outcome of the oh-so-popular stretch goals. Thus, cooked books, false sales reports, and illegal means to performance emerge when financial incentives cause leaders to care more about looking good in terms of results than actually doing well in terms of creating value. 5. All measurement systems are flawed.

Incentive plans demand that some metric be used as the trigger for a payout. The problem is that whatever package you construct bonds, stocks, or bonuses whatever performance criteria you decide on Learning, Not Fashion Essay, will be imperfect. For a complex job such as senior management, it is simply not possible to precisely measure someones actual performance, given that it consists of many different stakeholders interests, tangible and tacit resources, and short- and long-term effects. Even with HR executives clamoring for enhanced people analytics (and technology companies bending over backwards to analysis, deliver them) any measure you choose is going to be an inadequate representation of how you would like your CEO to behave. The problem is that once you link someones financial rewards to Schools Are For Essay, a particular measure or set of measures, it is going to affect that persons behavior in terms of what they do, and dont do. As Steven Kerr wrote in his classic article On the folly of found rewarding A, while hoping for B, most organisms seek information concerning what activities are rewarded, and then seek to do (or at least pretend to do) those things, often to the virtual exclusion of Learning, activities not rewarded. If you reward quarterly profits, for Inc., example, you should not be surprised if CEOs cut back inappropriately on long-term investments such as research and development and advertising when they need it to Schools Not Fashion, boost their numbers and hit their bonus target. This last point you probably already knew. Essay. Most boards (or whoever determines senior executives compensation schemes) realize they have a limited view of the Schools Learning, Not Fashion, people who work for them. Even when performance seems easy to measure, because it is unambiguous and objective, there is keynesianism vs neoliberalism usually a catch, and the measure will still turn out to be flawed. For example, in IVF (fertility) clinics, the measure of Schools success seems unambiguous and objective: the percentage of pregnancies that result from treatment is Poker a clear and objective performance goal. Yet, research by Mihaela Stan and one of us (Vermeulen) showed that even in this situation, focusing on that metric distorted health-care providers behavior to the detriment of clinics long-term performance.

Clinic managers ended up excluding difficult patients from the treatment (such as women with complex medical conditions) to Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion, boost their clinics success rates. And over the long-term, these decisions deprived their providers of valuable opportunities for keynesianism, learning which made them worse off in the long run. Hence, whatever measure you use, you are going to end up with an Are For, imperfect quantification of what ideally you would like your top executives to do. Face Essay. And, inevitably, it will end up distorting their behavior. What about competing for talent?

Perhaps you think you have to offer a large percentage of variable pay to help your firm attract top executives. Even if that is true, think about who will be attracted to such a package: the very people most in need of a financial incentive to work hard and Learning, Not Fashion, perform well. Are you sure those are the people you should want to attract in the first place? We suspect not. Organelles Found In Prokaryotic Cells. Intrinsically motivated people do the best they can, and making a very large percentage of your pay dependent on some result can only ruin that. Are For Learning, Essay. As Theresa Amabile has noted, There is analysis abundant evidence that people will be most creative when they are primarily intrinsically motivated, rather than extrinsically motivated by expected evaluation, surveillance, competition with peers, dictates from superiors, or the promise of rewards. To return to new Deutsche Bank CEO John Cryan, he also said: I dont empathize with anyone who says they turn up to work and work harder because they can be paid more. Ive never been able to understand the way additional excess riches drive people to behave differently.

We only half agree: Abundant evidence shows that people including top managers will in fact start to behave differently if you make a large proportion of Schools Not Fashion their remuneration dependent on some measure of performance. But it will not be in a way you want them to lev vygotsky's theory, behave. Dan Cable is professor of organizational behavior at London Business School. Freek Vermeulen is an Associate Professor of Learning, Not Fashion Strategy and Entrepreneurship at the London Business School. He is the author of the lev vygotsky's, book Business Exposed: The Naked Truth about What Really Goes on Are For Not Fashion, in the World of organelles found in prokaryotic cells Business . Follow him on Twitter @Freek_Vermeulen.

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25 Best Resume Secrets Employers Will Never Tell You. Crafting the perfect resume is perhaps the number one thing you need to do when looking for a new job. Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay? Most of the time, your resume is the way youre introduced to the employer. Inc.? You need it to stand out and make you look great. If your resume doesnt present you as the impressive professional you really are, there is little chance youll get the job.

Resume writing is an art, but an art that can be learned. Good resumes all do the same thing, despite the fact that they may look very different from one another. Crafting a good resume is done by pulling together all the right elements into one cohesive and impressive document. Learning, Essay? Most employers are essentially looking for cells the same kinds of Are For, things on vs neoliberalism a resume. All you need to know is Are For Learning, Not Fashion, what they would like to see (and what they wish you#8217;d avoid doing).

You only social theory have a few seconds to grab the hiring manager#8217;s attention with your resume. | iStock.com. As nice as it would be to think that hiring managers have plenty of time to look over resumes #8212; and to really go through each one thoroughly #8212; that just isnt the case. Most hiring managers have tons of things to do, and that means they only have a limited amount of time for resume reading. According to Monster, recruiters spend about six seconds scanning your resume before making a decision. This means if you dont grab their attention within the Not Fashion Essay first few seconds of them looking at your resume, it will likely end up in the trash.

Focus on a few attention grabbing facts or achievements that will catch their eye and Analysis of Apple, Inc. make them want to read further. 2. Most of the resume wont get read. Learning, Not Fashion Essay? Make your resume easily digestible for the hiring manager. | iStock.com. The reality is that most resumes wont be read all the way through. Keynesianism Vs Neoliberalism? Again, it mostly comes down to time, and the fact that half of the Schools Are For Not Fashion resumes received by hiring managers will be from people grossly unqualified for the job they#8217;ve applied for.

Because of this, its paramount that you make your resume easy to read. According to The Muse, if a resume is the origin the beak of the finch, difficult to skim or scan, it may not be read at Are For Learning, Essay, all . A person should be able to venus and adonis analysis get the Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay gist of what youre all about just by looking at the most notable parts of your resume. Make sure your job title is easily recognizable. | iStock.com. The job titles youve held in the past can make a difference. Hopefully, you have some good ones you can put on your resume. Too often, people write something like staff member when they should write marketing staff member or staff writer. By being specific, youll give the hiring manager a better idea of what you actually did while on the job. You dont want to get too creative, though.

According to Dice Insights, you should try to Analysis stick to Schools Not Fashion job titles that are well-known or easily recognizable . It shouldn#8217;t come as a surprise that well-known brands look good on a resume. | Justin Sullivan/Getty Images. People respond to well-known brands. These can be brands that are household names, or a company thats doing big things in your industry. Theory? If you#8217;ve had a job with a brand that you know your potential employer will identify with, make sure they know about Learning, Not Fashion Essay, it right away on your resume. According to IT World, some of the origin of species of the, that brands influence will rub off on Schools Are For you . 5. There is no perfect resume format. You don#8217;t have to stick with a conventional resume format. | iStock.com/ragsac. There are plenty of resume formats out there, including reverse-chronological, functional, non-traditional, combination, and a few others.

Something employers wont tell you is that if they didnt specify what type of and adonis analysis, resume to send in the job posting, it really doesnt matter too much. You should choose the one that best represents you, and that shows off your good qualities to the hiring manager. 6. Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay? No passion project means youre boring. Find a passion project that will showcase your interests outside of work. | iStock.com/g-stockstudio. Employers want to hire passionate people. They want to hire people who are driven and of species the beak interested in their work and things outside of Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay, work. Poker Face? If you dont have some kind of passion project that you do, its usually smart to find one. This could be anything from volunteering at a non-profit to starting a cooking blog. Schools Are For Not Fashion? Whatever you want to do, do it and do it well. Even if it doesnt pertain to the job you#8217;re applying for, it shows that you care about things and have it together. The objective statement on organelles found in prokaryotic cells resumes is outdated. | iStock.com/MishaBeliy.

Objective statements are a bit of a joke, and most hiring managers skip over them anyway. Are For Learning, Not Fashion? Our advice? Dont waste your time writing one. According to Poker Face SnagAJob, objective statements either make a hiring manager mad or bore them to Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay death. Lev Vygotsky's? The only Are For Essay time you should write an objective statement is when you can do so in analysis, a creative and eye-catching way that you think the hiring manager would love. Otherwise, leave it off your resume altogether. Save your job references for the interview process. | iStock.com. One mistake many rookie job hunters make is Essay, placing references right on Analysis Inc. their resume. While you need to have plenty of references, dont worry about providing those to the hiring manager until he or she asks for them . If you have them on Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay there from the very start, it just adds unneeded clutter, and it could contribute to your resume being overlooked. 9. Quantify a skill or achievement.

Make sure you#8217;re providing detail when it comes to your skills. | iStock.com. Putting generic skills or achievements on your resume may do more harm than good. Organelles Cells? By not showing the hiring manager exactly how the skills and achievements matter, you run the Not Fashion Essay risk of annoying them. Social? That means your resume will likely end up at Schools, the bottom of the keynesianism vs neoliberalism pile #8212; or worse, the trash can. Get specific . Say how much money your special project helped save the company, and discuss the Schools Are For Learning, Essay exact percentages that you saw revenue rise due to your skills. Lev Vygotsky's Social Development Theory? You always want to show and not tell a potential employer why youre great. 10.

Your degree matters, just not too much. College degrees matter, but only up to a certain point. Schools Learning, Not Fashion? | Christopher Furlong/Getty Images. Nowadays, it seems that everyone has a degree. This makes it much harder to differentiate yourself based on your education alone. Yes, your degree matters. However, if its not from a seriously prestigious school or program, its impact could be marginal . Instead of Face, focusing on your degree, focus on extracurricular activities and other achievements you did while at school. That is what will help you stand out Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion from the competition. It#8217;s OK to exaggerate your involvement in certain projects if you possess the Essay skills required to do the job. | iStock.com/NakoPhotography.

Its important to note that you should never lie on a resume . That being said, bending the truth a little isnt the end of the world. You should feel free to list projects you only worked on a little bit, and talk up experiences and achievements you may not have really been an integral part of but that you were still involved in. Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay? Make sure you#8217;re using bullet points to break up your content. | Pixabay. You need to make your resume scannable. Most of the time that means utilizing bullet points.

Dont write a whole paragraph after the bullet point either. That#8217;ll just defeat the purpose. The bullet point is designed to distill content down to the most important pieces, and writing a whole paragraph after the bullet point means you might as well have omitted it in the first place. Make sure you#8217;re using the keywords that are in the job advertisement. Analysis Inc.? | iStock.com/Szepy. Using certain buzzwords or keywords in your resume may seem silly, but the fact of the matter is that they can make a pretty big difference. According to Job-Hunt, its best to front-load keywords in your resume.

This means putting them at or near the top of the resume. Schools Essay? Another method is to try and Analysis of Apple, Inc. scatter them throughout. If you choose to do the latter, make sure you still have quite a few near the Schools Not Fashion Essay top because most hiring managers wont read the whole document. Analysis Of Apple, Essay? Don#8217;t write an essay, save the explanations for Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay the job interview. | iStock.com. A wordy resume will often end up being tossed by a hiring manager. You want to be concise and to the point with each item.

While it can be easy to write a lot about of Apple,, yourself, its more important to Learning, Not Fashion stick to points that set you apart. Start by organelles found in prokaryotic cutting out any adjectives and adverbs and removing anything with a passive voice. From there, go over your resume and eliminate anything thats unnecessary or redundant. Go ahead, brag a little. | iStock.com/AntonioGuillem. Dont be shy about the things youve done at previous positions. If youve made any accomplishments, you need to make sure the Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay hiring manager knows about them. Just be careful, as you dont want to Inc. list inconsequential things. Are For Learning,? However, if you can quantify achievements with an award or a statistic, then its probably worthwhile. Make sure you#8217;re proofreading your resume. | iStock.com/nandyphotos. The number one thing you must do on your resume is make sure that it is free and clear of any typographical errors. According to Career Addict, 80% of hiring managers said that more than a couple of typos eliminate a candidate.

Dont let a silly little punctuation mistake or a spelling error keep you from getting the the beak job that you really want. 17. Craft your resume specifically to the company. Don#8217;t send the same resume to Schools Learning, Not Fashion every company you#8217;re applying for. | iStock.com/Rawpixel. You should try to get to know a company before you apply for a job there. Before writing your resume, ask yourself whats important to that company, what it does, and venus how it does it.

You need to cater to the companys goals. After youve identified these things, you should make it clear that you have similar ideals. For instance, if the company you want a job with is Schools Learning,, focused on environmental friendliness, try to find a way to and adonis connect your recent experience with that goal. Schools Learning, Not Fashion? 18. Craft your resume specifically to the position. Make sure your resume relates to the position you#8217;re applying for. | iStock.com/UberImages.

In addition to crafting a resume that fits the company, you also need to think about the specific position . Get as much information about the job as you can and use that information to help build your resume. Tap into your professional network and talk with other people you know about the position. The more information you have, the better chance youll have of Analysis Inc., wowing the hiring manager. Remember, you still have an interview to look forward to, and Schools Are For Learning, there#8217;s also the keynesianism vs neoliberalism cover letter. | iStock.com/anyaberkut. Chances are, youve had a few jobs that dont pertain to the position youre applying for. If thats the case, leave them off your resume. Instead of listing every single thing youve done, focus on the most relevant, impressive, and recent jobs youve had.

According to CBS News, the only time you need to include every job youve had is Schools, when youre applying for certain types of government jobs. Otherwise, most employers dont care . 20. Show how you stack up against the competition. Did you win any awards? Be sure to include them on your resume. | Jed Jacobsohn/Getty Images. It may seem counterproductive to bring up the competition, but anywhere youve triumphed where others have failed is worth noting on your resume. Awards are a good way to organelles found cells demonstrate this. If you were awarded anything in your previous position, state it, and also note how many other people could have won this award. 21. Connect yourself with big brands and Schools Learning, people.

Use your network to your benefit. | iStock.com/Rawpixel Ltd. Have you worked with key influencers or brands in your industry? Do you have a connection to an important professional in social development theory, your field? Find a way to leverage this on your resume. List important projects and note the influential people on those projects. If theyre big enough names, it can really have an Are For Not Fashion impression on your chances of Face Essay, getting the job. Make sure your resume reflects who you are. | iStock.com/warrengoldswain. We#8217;ve already touched on this, but its worth noting explicitly. Schools Learning,? You have to be specific with each and every item on your resume. Dont settle for generic descriptions that could be for anyone. Found Cells? You need to make your resume specifically about you or youll never stand out enough to be notable.

Your soft skills matter, make them count. Schools Are For Learning, Essay? | iStock. Soft skills are an important part of your resume. However, according to The Muse, you need to do more than just list your soft skills . Face? Reference them in the stories you tell about yourself. For instance, if you implemented a special program at Essay, work, use that to highlight your communication skills. If you completed a huge project nobody else could finish, use it to show off how hardworking you are.

Don#8217;t lose sight of the future when you#8217;re crafting your resume. | iStock.com/Gunnar Pippel. Organelles? When writing a resume, its easy to Schools think only of the the origin finch past, but some time needs to be spent looking forward. According to Susan Ireland, author of Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay, The Complete Idiot#8217;s Guide to the Perfect Resume , you should use your experience, skills, interests, and personality to showcase how youll do in lev vygotsky's social development theory, the job youre applying for. If you do this right, the hiring manager should be able to see you in the position. Make sure to include leadership skills on your resume. | Adrian Dennis/AFP/Getty Images. Even if the job youre applying for isnt a leadership role, companies like to know that they have people on staff that can step up and lead.

According to FlexJobs, you can even use volunteer work, professional organizations, or other activities youre involved in to showcase leadership.

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essay on zapatistas This essay on the Zapatistas Womens Revolutionary Law twenty years on, draws on Schools Not Fashion Essay, Zapatista womens reflections, together with a decades-long engagement with indigenous feminism and Zapatismo. Essay? Engaging difference through respect rather than negation can also move us beyond impasses within contemporary feminism, political theory, and rights-based activism. “ The capitalists had us believing this idea that women are not valuable” The Participation of Schools Learning, Not Fashion Women in found in prokaryotic the Autonomous Government [i]

We know that the Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay, Women’s Revolutionary Law was passed by consensus within the ranks of the vs neoliberalism, Zapatista Army for Schools Learning, Essay National Liberation (EZLN) many months before their public emergence twenty years ago on January 1, 1994. From one of venus analysis Subcomandante Marcos’ letters, we know that reactions to it were varied within EZLN ranks, and that its acceptance had to be defended vigorously as a central objective in the Zapatistas’ struggle for justice. Both Comandanta Ramona and Comandanta Susana spent over four months travelling throughout those then-Zapatista communities. Are For Not Fashion Essay? They visited each and vs neoliberalism every community dialoguing with the Zapatistas collectively through community assemblies, as is the custom of the people of the region. Once accepted in Essay each Zapatista community and village, it was proposed that the Law be included in the EZLN publication, El Despertador Mexicano, Organo Informativo del EZLN (México, No 1., Diciembre 1993). I remember the novelty of it, in that December of venus ’93, when I came across this publication, the first of a revolutionary social movement or “guerrilla” movement, which has included as an integral part of Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay its first public appearance its “letter of introduction” so to Poker, speak its demands for Learning, Essay women’s rights.

This was truly innovative at the time. One could hardly believe it, and lev vygotsky's social much less so when the first images appeared confirming the undeniable presence of women in positions of authority. It would be a woman a Mayora who would lead the taking of San Cristóbal de las Casas in Chiapas; it would be a woman Comandanta Ramona at the centre of the subsequent peace dialogues in Schools Are For the Cathedral. Ever since, this Law has expressed itself through the Zapatistas’ own practices. If there is venus, something that has given Zapatismo its distinctive characteristic, its colour and its flavour, it has been its emphasis on including and defending women’s rights as defined through the Women’s Revolutionary Law. What has happened to Schools Are For Essay, this law over the past twenty years? How is the keynesianism vs neoliberalism, Law being practiced among the Are For, Zapatistas in their everyday lives?

Throughout the Escuelita [little school] in August 2013, in Poker the communities that housed those 1,700 invitees, we heard and saw the Schools Not Fashion, possibilities and the advances, but also the difficulties encountered in organelles cells implementing this Law in all its implications. It must be said that in all of the Escuelita’s sessions, the Zapatistas constantly tempered any possible triumphalism for their success in creating and Are For Learning, Not Fashion maintaining their autonomy throughout these years. They often took self-critical positions and made reference to the “little bit” that they have advanced; to Essay, the errors they have made throughout this process; how they are trying to amend them; and how difficult it has been to Not Fashion Essay, accomplish what they have “ nos ha costado mucho [It’s been an uphill battle]” From each one of the five caracoles [civilian units of and adonis self-government], their experiences have emerged in detailed descriptions. Schools Not Fashion? They have distributed in all four books which they themselves put together as a way to present their work to the origin of the finch, us. Are For Essay? Under the found in prokaryotic, heading Freedom According to the Zapatistas , the Schools Not Fashion Essay, four volumes were: I) Autonomous Government I. II) Autonomous Government II. III) The Participation of found cells Women in the Autonomous Government. IV) Autonomous Resistance.

In these books, once again, women’s rights have been prioritized. One might think that, as in other revolutionary struggles, the Are For Learning, Not Fashion, “issue” of women only remains implied or relegated as marginal. But this is not the case here. Zapatismo has defined itself as a radical political movement that places women at the centre and renders them visible. In the Essay, volume devoted to them ( The Participation of Women in the Autonomous Government ), the ten points of the Women’s Revolutionary Law as they were initially outlined are regularly reviewed to see how they have been practiced since then and how they are lived today. Each point is listed together with reports on their daily practices, their difficulties, and their advances. In their own voices, Zapatista indigenous women describe to Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, us their experiences, priorities, difficulties in Poker Essay taking up command, and their desires for Are For Learning, Essay change. Venus And Adonis? Theirs are highly relevant voices for gaining a deep understanding of the process through which indigenous Maya women walk, emerge, accept, and collaborate within the Not Fashion Essay, Zapatista stratagem. This process is presently the most successful proposal for constructing another world that is more just for women and, indeed, for keynesianism vs neoliberalism everyone. And it is one that is created concretely by them through their daily practices. “We are not only in the house or in the kitchen we work together with the Schools Learning,, male compañeros [ii].” “We go along little by little in this work that is vs neoliberalism, autonomy, and we are going to Schools Not Fashion, encourage others who don’t yet want to Poker, get out of the house” affirms a 17 year-old compañera and teacher in the Escuelita . Schools Learning, Not Fashion? She has shown in her voice and in her strength, and through the position that she held in this pedagogical space, that many of them have advanced well beyond the understanding we feminists have tended to achieve from “outside” Zapatista territory. Found Cells? “As you know, the Women’s Revolutionary Law was created precisely because of the Schools Are For Not Fashion, living conditions experienced by the compañeras ; because they were suffering a lot before.

We now have this Law written down and we have it in the five Caracoles . But this problem that we have does not only belong to the compañeras ; it also includes the compañeros because when a compañera is tasked with work, sometimes the compañeros do not let their wives or daughters leave to organelles found cells, go do it. There are times when they do not allow them the right to freedom, and because of this problem, the Law also includes the men we will analyze little by little how much we have been able to Are For Learning,, comply with this law as women.” I have selected these local responses to the question, “How is the Women’s Revolutionary Law lived today in the Caracoles ?” and present them below in the order of the “Ten Points” themselves: First: Women have the the origin of the, right to participate in the revolutionary struggle in the place and at the level that their capacity and will dictates, without any discrimination based on race, creed, colour, or political affiliation. From Caracol II, Oventik, Highlands Zone of Chiapas: “What we have accomplished has not been accomplished 100%. [several] compañeras are taking charge of education and health as coordinators in the zone when this law was made it was not because women wanted to give orders dominate their husbands, their compañero we do not want to create something that continues on the same history [of domination] that we have been involved in where the compañeros rule and they are chauvinists and Learning, now the compañeras rule and now the compañeros are valued less Second: Women have the right to work and to receive a just salary.

From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “Women have the of Apple, Inc. Essay, same rights as men to receive the same salary because we are of the same blood here there are no salaries in Are For the organization, whether to males or to females” From Oventik: “ nobody within the organization is salaried unless the compañera goes to the city” From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “those who deserve a salary are those women who work in social development the cities They are the ones that deserve a just salary”[iii] Third: Women have the right to decide how many children they will have and take care of. From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “We as women have the right to decide how to live in our homes and we have the right to Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion, decide with our partner how many children we can have and take care of. We have the right to not be obligated by anyone to lev vygotsky's development theory, have more or less children, not to be obligated to use birth control if we don’t want to, and we have the right to have our decisions and opinions respected. In our autonomy, we want all of these rights to be respected. Before, the bad government in Schools Essay our villages would promote a lot of bad ideas, saying that women are worthless and that they have no right to speak.” From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “We saw it was better if decisions were made between partners”

Fourth: Women have the right to participate in community affairs and hold positions of keynesianism vs neoliberalism authority if they are freely and Are For Learning, Not Fashion democratically elected. From Caracol II, Oventik: “Here we are able to say that this is now being achieved” From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “As women we have the same rights as men, we have the right to decide which duties we can carry out in the communities as we can now take up positions as agentas , comisariadas , and in prokaryotic promotoras of health, sexual reproduction and education.” From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “We see that this is being fulfilled in our zone” Fifth: Women have the right to Schools, primary care with regard to their health and nutrition . From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “On this point, we see that some communities do have their health clinics. Where health clinics exist, it is not difficult to find the compañeras in good health, and they can also find medical attention for their children there. The women go with the health promotoras to the clinic, and here is where this point is being realized in analysis some communities if there are no clinics they go to Schools Learning,, other nearby communities that do have clinics.” “In terms of feeding ourselves in our zone, our food is the origin the beak finch, not far away from us. We compañeros and compañeras ourselves must follow our ancestors’ customs, how they lived before, how they ate. It is what we see in our zone, that we do not abandon farming what is ours, the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion, chayote , the Essay, yucca (manioc/cassava), the squash, and everything else that exists in our community. If we do not do this, if we do not produce, then we will die of hunger.

It is there where malnutrition comes from, when we do not eat what we have” From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “we work in the field, harvesting our natural foods such as corn, beans, coffee, and other things.” From Caracol II, Oventik: “With women who are nursing their child or are pregnant, it is Are For Not Fashion Essay, important to eat well, rather than how sometimes women are the last ones to social development, eat, that is, if food was leftover and if not, then no we see that this is already being changed.” Sixth: Women have the right to education. From Caracol II, Oventik: “In the case of girls, when they are in their community this is accomplished all the Are For Learning, Not Fashion, more because they attend the Zapatista Rebel Autonomous Primary Schools (EPRAZ). From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “we do not want it to of Apple, Inc. Essay, be like before when we were really exploited, when we did not have a good education as we have today with women we also continue moving forward in education.”

From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “In our zone, we talk about how women did not go to school before. When older women were asked about it, they said that they did not go to school because their mothers or fathers did not send them. It is not their fault if they did not learn to read and write, and we realized that it was also not their mothers’ fault. The capitalists had us believing this idea, their story that women are not valuable; that if a girl is born then she is worthless. We realized that the parents of the family were not at fault. Learning, Essay? The blame is with this bad idea that they have put into our heads.” “in our struggle we have everything, we have education.” Seventh: Women have the of Apple, Inc. Essay, right to choose their partners and Schools Essay not be forced to marry. From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “On this point, as we see today, the and adonis analysis, compañeras decide who they would like to marry. But there are other ideas coming from elders that believe that the past custom should be respected. And so there are occasions when young women have not exercised this right yet, it must be exercised with the revolutionary struggle in mind.” From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “It is Are For Not Fashion, no longer how it used to Face Essay, be when the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, fathers and mothers would force us women to marry someone they chose we have the right to Face, decide who our partner is and who we want to marry.”

From Caracol II, Oventik: “We know that before they could not decide they were traded in for liquor, for animals, for Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion money the majority of the fathers now ask their daughters if they want to marry or who they want to marry, and this is why we say that we have made progress on this point.” Eighth: No woman will be beaten or physically mistreated by either family members or strangers. The crimes of Inc. Essay rape and attempted rape will be severely punished . From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “There are still cases of this in our communities because that is a bad custom that persists in the mind, that contaminates, where machismo still exists: ‘I am stronger than you, so you have to respect me,’ are words that still exist Those of us who have been authorities, the ones that have spent some time working, perhaps we understand all of the talks that we receive but there are some compañeros that do not” From Caracol IV, Morelia: “there are also some things that are not being carried out; there are still compañeras that are mistreated and Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay there is still fear in demanding rights.” From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “When we travel, we sometimes come across accidents, and of Apple, Essay sometimes the Schools Learning,, men do not behave while travelling Some men from other organizations mock those of venus and adonis analysis us women who go out to fill a post, laughing when they hear that we are tasked with responsibilities they say that what we are doing is worthless. This is where the problem is, but in Are For Learning, Essay those organizations there are many problems of organelles found cells rape and mistreatment, while with us, Zapatistas, it is not that way because we are always explaining the Women’s Law.” Ninth: Women can occupy positions of authority in the organization and Learning, Not Fashion earn military rank in the revolutionary armed forces.

From Caracol IV, Morelia: “as women we hold authority posts in areas such as autonomous health, education, and production. There are compañeras who have understood the work well, although there have been obstacles that we encounter as we go about theory, our work. But we have come out to spread our efforts” From Caracol V, Roberto Barrios: “Over in the northern zone, this is being done as we say, although we are moving along slowly in participation. We have compañeras as regional authorities, and some also participate as milicianas , so this is being carried out. ”

From Caracol II, Oventik: “we say that this point is being carried out because there are compañeras integrated in Are For Not Fashion Essay all authority positions. There are women at the local, regional, and zone level positions . And there are compañeras occupying different military ranks they have exercised their rights depending on organelles cells, their will and capacity.” Tenth: Women have all the rights and obligations set out by the revolutionary laws and regulations. From Caracol III, La Garrucha: “We well know that in our Zapatista struggle, that we don’t only Are For Not Fashion Essay say that we have rights, but that in our autonomous struggle, we have obligations to realize these rights as we want to venus and adonis, within our villages by way of organizing.” “In 1994 it became known that we had the Women’s Law. It is Schools Learning, Not Fashion, so good that this law existed and the origin the beak finch that we have been able to participate The compañeras suffered a lot before ’94: humiliation, mistreatment, rape.

But none of that ever mattered to Schools Are For Not Fashion, the government and neither to the landowners. Neither of them ever took women into consideration. The landowners had the compañeros in peonage, and the compañeras had to get up very early to work. Those poor women had to continue working alongside the men. There was much slavery, but we don’t want this anymore and that’s why we as compañeras began to participate. Face Essay? What we want now is for our autonomy to Not Fashion, function, for women to of species finch, participate, to Are For Learning,, not stay behind. We will continue to go forward so that the bad government can see that we will not let them exploit us as they exploited our ancestors.” From Caracol II, Oventik: “What we seek is Analysis Inc., something like a re-construction of humanity that is what we are trying to change; another world is Are For, what we want it is the struggle that we are all a part of, men and found women, because it is Schools Are For, not a struggle of women and it is not a struggle of venus analysis men. Are For? When one speaks of a revolution, they go together, among men and women, and that is the Poker Face Essay, struggle.” “We women who are here today know who made that Revolutionary Law. Somebody had to Schools Are For Not Fashion, struggle for it and Poker Face Essay somebody defended us.

Who was that somebody who struggled for us, the compañeras ? Comandanta Ramona was the one who put that effort in for Schools Not Fashion us. She did not know how to of species the beak finch, read or write, or speak Spanish. But why do we, as compañeras , not make the effort? She is an example, that compañera who already made the Learning, Essay, effort, for us to continue moving forward and keep on working in order to demonstrate what we know in social our organization.” Reflections from “outside” Zapatista territory. Through the phrases in the above reports, we can track the progress made today with respect to Are For Essay, the so-called “Women’s Law.” A prime example is vs neoliberalism, when a compañera says that it is Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay, not the fault of the in prokaryotic cells, fathers and mothers who did not send their daughters to Schools Not Fashion, school previously. This attitude, they tell us, is social, a product of “the capitalists [who] had us believing this idea their story that women are not valuable.” They affirm that it was capitalist ideology that infused their minds with this devaluation. It is not the fault of the mothers or the fathers who did not allow women to study, nor was it their own fault when they did not put in efforts to study.

It is a product of the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, slave condition they were forced to live. Here a sophisticated analysis appears, one which some psychologists call the “internalization of oppression.” It expresses itself when we ourselves become convinced of our own lack of value as we appropriate and reproduce the values of the Analysis Inc. Essay, dominant order that reduces and exploits us.[iv] The process of Learning, Essay self-awareness appears in various responses throughout Volume III: Participation of Women in Autonomous Government , where they recount their experiences as Zapatistas. As they have mentioned many times, they are “working under sheer political awareness,” putting into venus and adonis analysis practice their demands for autonomy and Schools Not Fashion freedom as women. Today they recognize that this internalization/appropriation of the dominant values continues to be present in the minds of their cultural environment, in males, fathers, brothers, sons, and even within themselves because it “contaminates” the mind. Rights and duties, individual and collective. Also worthy of comment is the recognition, by the compañeras , that it is not only rights that are demanded, but that they also have a counterpart: accepting these rights’ corresponding obligations and duties.

This has been theorized as the “inter-relational” aspect of rights.[v] This is a mature and reflexive appropriation of found cells what claiming women’s rights implies. It is Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay, not about claiming “my rights” without limits, without measure, but about constructing them within a new normativity that emerges from the process of constructing their collective autonomy. “It is not my right only and I get to do whatever I want.” This level of analysis also appears when they refer to girls’ freedom to the origin of species the beak of the finch, decide whom they will marry. This right to select their partner, which most young girls today exercise, must adhere to and enter into Not Fashion harmony with the Zapatista struggle’s proposals and social theory priorities. “It must be exercised with the revolutionary struggle in mind.” With these phrases, a profound collective and inter-relational elaboration is expressed on how to go about Schools, walking along living women’s rights fully linked and interwoven with collective rights. These phrases clearly demonstrate that women’s rights are not conceptualized as the rights of individual entities that would respond only to the needs of an “individual” woman. They also do not refer to a collective made up exclusively of women.

Rather, they go “ juntos y a la par” [“together and side by of Apple, Inc. Essay, side”]. “when one speaks of a revolution, they go together, among men and women, and that is the struggle.” The proposal here is that women’s struggle is not conceivable without men’s struggle. A revolutionary struggle consists of Learning, Essay both men and and adonis women, and there are many references throughout Volume III on the inextricability of all walking together. These references implicitly resolve the Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, interrogations put forth by many academics over organelles in prokaryotic cells, the exercise of Are For human rights. Keynesianism Vs Neoliberalism? Their analyses debate what is convenient and/or what are the Are For Learning,, appropriate ways of resolving the dilemma between prioritizing the keynesianism vs neoliberalism, individual or the collective subject of rights. They assume a hierarchical ordering to Are For Learning, Essay, the priorities of struggle: either individual rights take priority, or collective rights do. Their philosophical reference is the “principle of the excluded third.” That is, they pit seemingly mutually exclusive categories against the origin of species of the finch, each other, understanding them within a hierarchical ordering: individual rights are first and later collective rights, or vice versa. The Zapatistas’ thinking has another reference. For them, individual rights and Not Fashion collective rights form a duality of opposites that are at once complimentary.[vi] The foundation of and referent to Poker Face, this duality’s poles, fluidly opposed, allows them to speak and act according to a fusion of both sets of rights in their practice as well as in Are For Learning, Not Fashion their thought. This fluid duality prevents hierarchization; its range is horizontal.

They speak and present us with a way of simultaneously living individual rights (of women) with those emerging from the collective rights of and adonis their people in Not Fashion Essay struggle. “What we seek is something like a reconstruction of humanity” It is the very quest to create another world. In the overall Zapatista proposal, the struggle for women’s rights is never arranged hierarchically as an theory inferior or secondary end. “This is Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion, why for us there is no hierarchy of domains: we do not claim that the struggle for land takes priority over keynesianism, gender justice On the contrary, we think that all emphases are necessary”[vii] This inclusive form, based on simultaneity of Are For Not Fashion doing/thinking, while seemingly paradoxical, is part of the Mesoamerican philosophical heritage that is venus analysis, also revealed in Essay the story of the cat/dog or the keynesianism vs neoliberalism, dog/cat.[viii] This epistemic category of Learning, Essay thought is the beak, present, in a certain way, in the fusion of the Schools Essay, cat/dog and Analysis Inc. Essay its many metaphorical adventures that allow it to Schools Are For Learning,, continue being a dog and a cat at the same time. This is how they move beyond the keynesianism vs neoliberalism, “encasing of the Schools Are For Essay, entire world into and adonis a closed box of mutually exclusive options.” We have to rethink the world, struggle, and gender beyond binary dichotomies in order to “fully understand the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, grammar of the Zapatista rebellion.”[ix] Women walking in equilibrium and on a par with men. Continuing on in the analysis of the compañeras’ responses on how they live the Women’s Law today, some emphasize that their struggle against machismo does not imply that what they now seek is to dominate males or “value them less.” On the contrary, they are asking for a “reconstruction” of society, a different ordering where dominant and dominated do not exist: whether they be women or men. They want to escape the inevitable hierarchies found in the world of capitalist production and in any thought rooted in mutually exclusive categories. (The duality of opposites and complimentary inspires and sustains their efforts as, again, this duality prevents hierarchization in that its range is horizontal.) It is another world they seek to build through their demands as women, and in living their Revolutionary Law of Zapatista women. Beyond this proposal, another line of analysis would lead us to stress that there is pragmatic reason to include males. The compañeros , the women tell us, “sometimes do not allow them the right to freedom” to a compañera who has been assigned a task and organelles cells “because of this problem, the Law has also to Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, include men” so that the Law can be carried out. It is a search for Essay a masculinity without overtones of domination and with an understanding of how to live on a par, the fullness of the Women’s Revolutionary Law.

“They say that women are not worth anything.” This grievance comes to us from the voice of Comandanta Esther at the plenary session of the Are For Learning, Not Fashion, Congreso de la Unión [House of social development theory Representatives] in Mexico City in 2001. Schools Learning, Not Fashion? She turned to the public audience in vs neoliberalism the Chamber of Deputies to speak about one of their “bad customs” that they were attempting to Not Fashion Essay, eradicate. She assured us “I don’t tell this story so that you feel sorry for us We are struggling to change this and we will continue doing so”[x] What Zapatista women show us here is that culture is neither monolithic nor static. In their deliberations on how to implement the Women’s Law in the Caracoles today, we find an analytical element for further comprehension.

It is a historical review of how this devaluation of women originated. It is keynesianism, interesting to Schools Not Fashion, note the similarities that may exist between the Zapatistas’ reflections and scholars’ use of the social theory, Psychohistorical analytical method, or that of the History of Mentalities. From this perspective, it is no longer simply correcting a “bad custom” that exists in the Maya villages and communities where Zapatismo settled into. It is also not about Schools Are For Learning,, simply changing “bad customs.” The Zapatistas speak up denouncing its origin: the exploitative practices from the plantation and lev vygotsky's social theory land owners. It was these plantation owners who considered women to be inferior. It was they who put “this bad idea into our heads.” One dramatic aspect of this devaluation of women is the Learning, Essay, “ derecho de pernada ” [“right of the Face Essay, first night;” literally, “right of the Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay, thigh”] whereby landowners had the “right” to abuse and use young indigenous women for their sexual satisfaction. This wretched “right of the first night” was still in Poker Essay force recently, and Learning, Essay the rape of indigenous women did not occur only on young virgins.[xi] Indigenous women can report multiple cases of abuse later in the lives of many of their compañeras , for example, when plantation owners, landowners, and coletos [urban males from San Cristóbal de las Casas] raped and abused Indian women claiming they were “improving the race.” Rosario Castellanos’ literary stories report these abuses in Chiapas.[xii] These violent chauvinistic customs tried to transform these women into objects and Face property to be at the disposal of those macho rapists. They abused with impunity “those human beings” that are Indian, poor, and female, encouraging through their contempt, the devaluation of Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay women by venus and adonis, their own fathers, partners, brothers, sons and more broadly, within their customary habits. Marisol, a mature woman, and teacher during the August 2013 session of the Escuelita openly referred to the “right of the first night.” “Our grandmothers were raped,” she told us indignantly and explained further: “our grandfathers carried that same idea from their patrones y capataces [bosses and Schools foremen] , not taking us women into consideration.” Reflections on the so-called “exchange” of women.

We know through multiple ethnographic studies and monographs that this exchange has existed in many cultures worldwide. Its basis, both in matrilineal and patrilineal societies, is that women are especially valuable for their capacity to bring new beings into the world. Moreover, ancient economies were often centered on the family.[xiii] When a family member of the “productive core” abandons the family for of the example, to integrate into another familial network as would happen through marriage that member must be replaced by another or by goods that would compensate for Are For Not Fashion the loss in the family’s subsistence production. These customs, in all their ethnic and historical variations, are based not on the devaluation of women but in their valuation, and consequently, in lev vygotsky's development the desire to Not Fashion Essay, acquire compensation for keynesianism the loss of their contributions to the production unit. Decisions over this sort of women’s worth and the compensation required in exchange for her leaving one domestic “productive” unit for another have generally been made under masculine dominance. Males decide what the compensation should be, and such decisions go through male-dominated gender hierarchies, although there exist some agrarian societies where male dominance does not take place, and where women are the ones who make these decisions. This exchange within households has been ritualized in Schools Are For Learning, multiple ways.

It is social development theory, clear that the Zapatistas insist on Schools Are For Learning, Essay, transcending these patriarchal traditions. Anthropologically, the transformation of this custom, from a form of compensation to something that can be considered as a “sale” of women is a process that has transited across time and cultures since antiquity. Under contemporary capitalist societal values, where everything is subject to sale and valuation under market logic, this change has been induced made necessary. It has taken diverse paths before reaching the point today that the compañeras Zapatistas critique: “they were traded in for liquor, for animals, for money” Here, we might be able to vs neoliberalism, initiate a type of clinical anamnesis reviewing this process as it happens in the Highlands Zone and throughout the State of Chiapas more generally. Certainly, the intensification of patriarchal values reinforced this custom. In Chiapas they reached the Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, point of the origin of species the beak of the finch frenzy with the “right of the first night.”[xiv] The rape and abuse of Schools Essay women with impunity, coupled with the colonialist contempt for the “ indio ” [literally, “indian;” the lev vygotsky's social theory, label often holds derogatory undertones] and the slavery to which the indigenous peoples were subjected to, contributed to the transformation of women, patriarchally considered a “value” that must be adequately replaced; or an object of scorn to be discarded and exchanged for liquor, a cow, or money. Women’s productive and reproductive contributions to the domestic unit and to Are For Essay, the community, as well as a review of the several kinds of patriarchal abuses suffered by women, have been theorized profusely within Marxist feminisms.[xv] Yet the main paradox of this custom is that one cannot sell what is considered worthless.[xvi] Through the Zapatistas’ organization, the vs neoliberalism, compañeras have dramatically advanced in resisting this “bad custom” of exchanging women by putting forward constructive proposals for Schools Not Fashion Essay eradicating it. Lev Vygotsky's Social Development Theory? Field research in Learning, the same region reports that this is the area of Mexico where human rights violations are most frequent, precisely because of the so called “sale” of women.[xvii]

Agroecology and subsistence farming. In many of the Caracoles, they have developed original methods of farming for autonomous subsistence. This subsistence is never absolute, as these methods also generate surpluses that they sell on the market. New methods combine with traditional ones to generate novel contributions. This could be a proposal which, if replicated worldwide, might offer alternatives to the environmental crisis we are living now. Regenerating the fields through agroecological means could foster the survival of found cells not only human beings but of the entire planet. Indeed, it could offer ways of ensuring food sovereignty. “Family Farming” is one theme driving the United Nations (UN) in 2014 throughout the world. Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay? The Zapatistas, well ahead of the UN’s project, having been promoting it for many years now. “Culture is working the land.”[xviii] “They will not be able to take away our culture. We will not allow it.

We continue working in venus and adonis analysis producing everything that we need, from seeds to everything else that is necessary the seeds that we continue selecting and storing.” It is a call to support their own ancestral self-sustaining cultivation traditions which the Zapatistas know are appropriate to their lands. Are For Not Fashion Essay? In this restored tradition, the improvement of nutrition mentioned in the fifth point of the Women’s Revolutionary law takes hold. “In terms of feeding ourselves in our zone, our food is not far away from us. We compañeros and compañeras ourselves must follow our ancestors’ customs, how they lived before, how they ate that we do not abandon farming what is ours, the chayote , the yuca [manioc/cassava], the squash” In an era in Essay which the small farm has by now been obliterated in most countries, and in Schools which peasants, in organelles in prokaryotic order to survive, must emigrate and Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay abandon their land and crops for other activities in venus analysis other places, the Zapatistas enact a better future on the land. Schools Learning, Essay? These experiments and found in prokaryotic cells their successes, although still in their initial stages, promise a revitalization of Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay traditional farming practices and a return to a survival agriculture that many alternative projects worldwide today seek. The Zapatistas have started on Analysis of Apple, Inc., a path that contributes a future of Essay hope, which does not only allow them to Analysis of Apple, Inc., survive, but also serves as an Essay example and Essay as encouragement so that other people and Are For Not Fashion other impoverished rural communities take their subsistence back into Analysis Essay their own hands. Healthcare: revitalizing traditional methods.

The achievements of the Women’s Revolutionary Law on issues of the right to primary health care and Are For Not Fashion nutrition reveal the Zapatistas’ path that at once offers a service and development a political contribution. They have created various health facilities, and in fact, just about every community or village has its own “ casa de salud” that could be called a health clinic. Through them, the Zapatistas receive primary care, and they have insisted for years on Schools, revitalizing and relearning traditional Mesoamerican medical practices. Some illnesses are treated through herbal medicines, whose effectiveness have been proven in Mexico since the pre-Hispanic era. Found In Prokaryotic? It is known, for example, that in Oaxtepec, a place in Schools the State of Morelos, ancient Mexicans established a botanical garden with well over 400 species of medicinal and healing plants. They were experimenting with these herbs in order to find appropriate doses. This was all being practiced before the Spanish invasion.

In addition to the revitalization and recovery of knowledges through herbal teas and poultices, and through recipes of concentrated healing herbs, the Poker Face, tradition of midwifery has been reappropriated and today flourishes. It is practiced in each casa de salud , together with massages and Schools Are For Learning, manteadas (manipulations of the foetus), attention is given to keynesianism vs neoliberalism, the process of pregnancy through the ingestion of medicinal teas. This traditional prenatal and childbirth care has been reclaimed through their very precise efforts to Schools, recover these techniques of ancestral midwifery, whose level of Analysis Essay success surprised Fray Bernardino de Sahagún in the sixteenth century, as detailed extensively in his General History of the Things of New Spain . The massages and manipulations that re-set bones and heal twisted or injured joints and tendons belong to another one of those ancient healing traditions that have been recovered. Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay? These are knowledges of female “bonesetters” that continue to be practiced in many parts of contemporary Mexico. Today, Zapatismo recovers and reappropriates them as part of their heritage. Poker Face Essay? It is a cultural recovery and Are For Learning, Essay a cultural defense, as they told us during the Escuelita . In Mexico, as in the Mesoamerican region in Analysis Inc. Essay general, those who practice traditional medicine are mostly women. The bonesetters, midwives, and herbal healers are the medical service providers in both the casas de salud and the bigger health clinics throughout Zapatista territory.[xix] These healing capacities are much appreciated collectively, and provide women a community space of Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay respect, self-esteem, and power. It is mostly Zapatista female health promoters who are engaged in these tasks and keynesianism preserve ancestral knowledges, relearning those that have been lost. Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay? This allows for a combination of traditional Maya medicine with allopathic care both in casas de salud and in the health clinics in each Caracol . The clinics that have been constructed in found cells the Caracoles can then offer the Are For Not Fashion, highest quality attention, making allopathic medication accessible, as well as offering an infrastructure that allows for complicated and delicate surgical interventions.

Tempering divisiveness: political gains through community services in education, health, and justice. The health care offered by of species the beak, the State is of bad quality and often inexistent. Schools Not Fashion? It is well known that in rural regions, many people must walk hours and hours before reaching the nearest Secretaria de Salubridad y Asistencia (SSA) health clinic. Frequently, when they arrive they find that there is no service, that the doctor is out, or that they do not have the medicine needed. The Zapatistas have made up for this absence and Face offer their own services, and it is well known that they provide medical attention to all adjacent villages and Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay communities, many of whom are non-Zapatistas.

They are indigenous “brothers” and “sisters” as they told us during the lessons at the Escuelita . They care for these non- and sometimes even anti-Zapatista brothers with the same care and speed. Needless to say, in Inc. offering quality services to all who need it in Schools Learning, Not Fashion those areas abandoned by official services, the Zapatistas have been able to defeat rivalries and confrontations fomented by the three levels of state power (municipal, state, and federal) that seek to analysis, deal with the peasants’ struggles for justice by Schools Learning,, dismantling the solidarity links among them. The methods used to divide the indigenous communities include every kind of handout (for example, the programs “Oportunidades” or “PROCEDE”), or even arming indigenous people so they become mercenaries who, in exchange for payment, function as paramilitaries at the service of the State. Analysis Of Apple,? Once becoming illegal soldiers, these indigenous attack the Zapatistas with the intention of Schools Learning, ruining their autonomous project. The services the Zapatistas provide to indigenous people living in adjacent areas to non-Zapatistas and even ex-Zapatistas include, beyond the health services mentioned above, the possibility for children to study in Poker Face the autonomous schools as well as participate in conflict resolution for all kinds of Are For Learning, Not Fashion offenses through the Zapatistas’ own form of “autonomous justice.” Throughout the sessions of the August 2013 Escuelita , we also had the opportunity to learn in detail about how they resignify, broaden, and improve, autonomous education and the origin the beak of the finch autonomous justice, and how they redefine them conceptually by putting them into practice. Through their proposals that address community needs in health care, education, and justice, the Zapatistas move toward dissolving the inter-community clashes purposefully created by the State. Their calm response, given without violence and even without raising their voice, without using force, and also offering a solution to the needs of their indigenous “brothers and sisters,” has been the most effective antidote against Schools Essay, the fratricidal confrontations that the “bad government” and the geopolitical models of the Global North have fomented. Per the instructions found in the counterinsurgency manuals developed by the Global North, “ethnic wars” should be promoted or manufactured and “religious fundamentalisms” should be created or intensified in order to Essay, divide, control, and destroy the justice struggles that start from below.

What would we write today if we could attempt to sum up what the Zapatista experience shows us about the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, women’s struggle to live and practice the Women’s Revolutionary Law? We can anticipate that these struggles do not end here. It is a process that continues on and on. Venus? It is also a process that transforms itself. Returning now to the experience of the Escuelita , we recognize how the Women’s Revolutionary Law has advanced through practice. As it is inserted into the Zapatistas’ collectivity, any conventional feminist approach, whether theoretical or practical, cannot help us here.

From the comments we have detailed and expounded upon Are For Learning,, here, we see that the vs neoliberalism, Women’s Law escapes any rigid framework. It proposes and Learning, Not Fashion Essay resolves some practical feminist demands, such as women’s “empowerment” and the advance of women’s “reproductive rights.” Under the aegis of Zapatista autonomy, with the enormous differences this political context offers, what is found is an “other” type of empowerment and an “other” type of sexual and Poker reproductive rights, as they are transformed and permeated by collective identity, interdependence, and Schools inter-relatedness. The application of the Women’s Revolutionary Law coincides with some feminists’ search for equality, widening the concept of “equality” with their notion that “we are equal because we are different.”[xx] It also seems to follow some theoretical legacies of the feminism of difference which it also subverts with the expression of “egalitarian aspirations.”[xxi] It broadens all referents, expands them, transgresses them, and joins them “illogically” with its practices of inclusion into the autonomous collectivity that exceeds, while seeming to embrace, the narrow categories of venus analysis gender, binaries and the mutually exclusive notions of the feminine and the masculine, and those feminist pursuits to correct them. The Zapatista women’s struggles and demands for Schools Not Fashion their rights do not fit neatly in any feminist theories or practices; they transcend them all. They sometimes sound like ecofeminism, egalitarianism, the revindication of difference, empowerment, reproductive rights, and sometimes like an of species the beak of the finch elaboration of gender racialization in all its complex theorizations. If their own music “has the rhythm of polka-balada-corrido-ranchera-cumbia-rock-ska-metal-reggae-trova-punk-hiphop-rap-and any others that want to Schools Learning,, pile up,”[xxii] it is because their proposal, as it is Poker, lived today within Zapatista autonomous practice, contains every colour, sound, tonality, and dissonance.

And if we manage to perceive them: “there will then be new eyes and ears that understand our commitment.” Because, as in Subcomandante Marcos’ story of the cat-dog, a big challenge for the deep understanding of Zapatista women’s history is Not Fashion Essay, that “all categorical options are a trap The answer is neither here nor there. It is better to make a new path that goes where one wants to go.” This new path is being created right now by Zapatista women. English translation by keynesianism, Linda Quiquivix. Written in the months after attending the Schools Are For Learning, Essay, first round of the Zapatistas’ recent Little School initiative in organelles found in prokaryotic August 2013, Marcos’ essay was first published in Spanish by the Universidad de la Tierra/CIDECI, Chiapas (2014) and now appears in French as a chapter in a book entitled, Zapatisme: La rébellion qui dure (Paris, France: Syllepse/CETRI, 2014). The English translation is Essay, published here for the first time. [i] EZLN, Freedom According to the Zapatistas, Volume III: Participation of Women in the Autonomous Government,” San Cristóbal de las Casas, Mexico, 2013, p.72. [ii] The Zapatistas often refer to a member of the organization as compañero (m.) or compañera (f.). [iii] op. And Adonis Analysis? cit. p. 67; Neither women nor men within Zapatista autonomous territory receive salaries for their service to Are For Essay, the EZLN. In the autonomous Zapatista communities, as is true of ancestral and contemporary indigenous communities, all work done to of species the beak finch, benefit the collective is conceived of as “service,” in line with servir y no servirse [to serve and not serve oneself], one of Zapatismo’s seven guiding principles.

The point in the Women’s Revolutionary Law that demands that women must receive a just salary for Not Fashion their work is a demand that applies to the context of work done in non-Zapatista territory, specifically in cities where women and men live according to development theory, the neoliberal market economy which devalues women’s work vis-à-vis men’s. [iv] Frantz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth, 1965. [v] Joy, Morny, “Womens Rights and Religions: a Contemporary Review,” In Journal of Are For Not Fashion Essay Feminist Studies in Religions , Vol 29, No 1, Spring 2013, (p9) [vi] Sylvia Marcos, Tomado de los labios: genero y eros en Mesoamerica , Quito: Abya Yala, 2012, cap. 2. [vii] Subcomandante Marcos, “Ni el Centro ni la Periferia, Parte V.- Oler el negro. El calendario y la geografia del miedo” en Primer Coloquio Internacional In Memoriam Andrés Aubry , SCLC ,Cideci Unitierra Ediciones, Chiapas, México. 2009, p 230. [viii] Comunicado “Rebobinar 3” (1) del 17 de Noviembre 2013, Trigésimo aniversario de la fundación del EZLN www.enlacezapatista.org.mx. [x] Sylvia Marcos, “Las fronteras interiorres: El movimiento de mujeres indígenas y el feminismo en México” en Dialogo y Diferencia: Retos feministas a la globalización , CEIICH UNAM, México, 2008, p.205.

[xi] Olivera, M. 1977, Presentacion, Primer Congreso Estudios de la Mujer, México, DF. [xii] Rosario Castellanos, Oficio de Tinieblas, Miradas, México, 1962. [xiii] Claude Meillasoux Mujeres Graneros y Capitales , Siglo XXI, México, 1980. [xiv] Engels, El origen de la familia , la propiedad privada y el estado, 1884. [xv] Silvia Federici, La Revolucion Feminista Inacabada: Mujeres, reproducción social y lucha por lo común , Escuela Calpulli, México, 2013. [xvii] Rosario Valdez, Encuesta ENSADEMI: Encuesta de Salud y Derechos de las Mujeres Indígenas , Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, México, 2008. [xviii] Jean Robert, notas de la Escuelita CIDECI, 2013, Profesor Joel.

[xix] Carlos Zolla citado en Sylvia Marcos “ Mujeres Cosmovisión y Medicina: Las curanderas mexicanas”, en Orlandina de Oliveira, ed. Of Species Of The Finch? Trabajo. Poder, Sexualidad , PIEM Colegio de México, México, 1992 [1989]. [xx] Sylvia Marcos, “Las zapatistas caminan su palabra,” Ponencia Seminario Internacional , CIDECI Unitierra SCLC, enero 2012. [xxi] Lemus Doris, Revista Reflexión Política , Vol 15, No 30 (2013), y este está en las páginas 124 - 137, Bucaramanga, Colombia. [xxii] Comunicado “Rebobinar 3” (1) del 17 de Noviembre 2013, Trigésimo aniversario de la fundación del EZLN www.enlacezapatista.org.mx.

Please note that many people who photograph the EZLN do so anonymously and make their work sharable for non-commercial use. Are For Not Fashion? Such is the case here, so we do not have credits to attach. Sylvia Marcos is a scholar committed to indigenous movements throughout the Americas. As a university professor and lev vygotsky's social development theory researcher she has proposed a new vision in the field of feminist critical epistemology, Mesoamerican religions, and women within indigenous movements, while promoting an Schools Not Fashion Essay anti-hegemonic feminist practice, theory, and hermeneutics. Her most recent books are a collection of essays entitled Mujeres, Indigenas, Rebeldes, Zapatistas (Distrito Federal, Mexico: Ediciones Eon, 2011) and a co-edited book Senti-pensar el genero (Taller del Mago, Mexico, 2013), co-edited with Georgina Mendez and Juan Lopez Intzin. We encourage anyone to comment, please consult the.

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essay on amerindians CONTACTS WITH AMERINDIAN POPULATIONS. There remains very few pure hunters/gatherers, that is, speaking anthropologically, non-sedentary populations living exclusively from Learning, Not Fashion Essay hunting, fishing and the gathering of wild fruit and plants growing in the forest. For the great majority of Indians, food is provided basically by agriculture, the vs neoliberalism, remainder coming from Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay hunting and fishing. American Indians cultivate small areas taken from the forest by slash and burn method: during the dry season, a portion of the forest is cleared then burnt, the seeded plants developing when the rainy season starts. The Central and South American rainforests often grow on poor acid soils. Through burning, the necessary basic elements are brought to the soil. - Manioc (manihot esculata) is particularly adapted to poor acid soils. The poorer the soil, the more prussic acid containing cyanide is found in Poker Face Essay, the plant.

The juice of the Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, manioc is very toxic and must be extracted before it can be eaten. As I already mentioned above while speaking about white soils, plant life is more difficult and they protect themselves more against predators. Poor soils get exhausted rapidly. A study has shown that the the origin of the finch, yield per hectare after the third year represents only 45% of the first year's yield. New fields thus must continuously be cleared. Populations being traditionally not dense, the impact on the rainforest is negligible but Indians have to Learning, Not Fashion, move their villages from place to place often, which explains their semi-nomadic way of life. Amerindians are experts at using the resources from the rainforest. One example: the use of the moriche palmtree (mauritia flexuosa) by the Warao Indians of the Orinoco Delta: The palm leaves are used to cover roofs.

Fruits are eatable. Fibers are used to make superb hammocks. Larvae from an Analysis of Apple, Inc. Essay, insect develop inside a felled trunk, they are delicious (when eaten raw, they taste like butter). Openings are made in the trunk on the ground. Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay. Rainwater accumulated in Face Essay, them ferments and produces an alcoholic beverage! Indian villages are usually composed of few families.

A community composed of Learning, Not Fashion Essay, 50 people is considered large. However, thanks to Analysis of Apple, Inc., medical aid, their population increases sharply in certain zones. The pressure on hunting and fishing is more and more important. Indians sometimes have to travel far by dug-out canoes in order to Schools Are For Not Fashion, find game. They often overuse the nivraie, a creeper which contains chemicals that prevent fish from breathing, forcing them to go up to the surface where they can easily be picked. The surplus population has to emigrate towards the closest Creole communities to which they finally get assimilated, loosing their identity and often becoming tramps. The increase in population density in the rainforest breaks the equilibrium that maintained the traditional slash and burn cultivation method. More and more areas have to be cleared, on Poker Face Essay larger and larger surfaces. On the poorest soils, if the vegetation is eliminated on a large scale, the rains soon wash away the Learning, Not Fashion Essay, fertile layer and a barren base remains on which only grasses and scraggy bushes will grow. Rain and heat facilitate the formation of iron and aluminium oxides, giving these soils the characteristic red colour of laterite.

Don't expect to meet populations who have never had access to vs neoliberalism, the outside world, especially during a hike that lasts but a few days. The Indians whom you will meet are used to contacts with tourists who sometimes represent their livelihood. You will see young Indians proudly displaying their soccer tee-shirt or their latest model Walkman. The adults possess motor dug-out canoes and Not Fashion hunt with rifles. Vs Neoliberalism. But apart from Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay these small details, their way of life has remained the same. And this is what counts for the preservation of their culture. Among interesting remarks that I have heard, a gentleman told me how disappointed he was at not having seen real Indians. The Origin Of Species The Beak Finch. Does a true Frenchman always wear a beret and an Englishman a bowler hat? The most occidentalized Indians regularly organize traditional festivals during which they wear their beautiful feathers, paint their bodies and Schools Are For Not Fashion Essay dance according to ancestral rites. Foreigners are usually not invited, but sometimes you can be lucky. If you have the chance of being able to travel to more remote zones of the rainforest, you might meet much more primitive populations.

Nearly every year in venus and adonis analysis, Amazonia, communities who have never had any contact with the Schools Are For Essay, civilized world are being discovered. They are extremely vulnerable and, as far as I am concerned, they should be systematically protected and and adonis their access be either severely limited or forbidden. Even with American Indians used to contacts with tourists, there are rules of Learning, Not Fashion, good behaviour to be followed. First of all, according to my thinking, nothing is worse than condescendence (oh, the poor things!). Some people have the Analysis Inc. Essay, tendency to Are For Learning, Essay, confuse happiness with material riches. If Indians usually possess hardly anything, nothing allows us to venus, state that they are not happy. Life is good in Learning, Not Fashion, the forest, food is abundant, freedom is extraordinary, and stress is unknown.

Indians are indeed materially poor, but they are certainly less miserable than the the origin, people who live in shantytowns or other favellas of the Are For Learning, Not Fashion, large sprawling cities. I was once with a group in a Ye'Kwana village of South Venezuela when we chanced upon keynesianism, a French missionary who had been living with Indians for the past 37 years. When a lady asked him: Father, what do you feel when you return to Are For Not Fashion Essay, civilization? He answered with a smile: Madame, the of Apple, Inc. Essay, word civilization is a plural, not a singular word. The Wayanas of Guyana have several tens of different names to qualify a wasp. I personally know a Ye'Kwana chief of Venezuela who is capable of Learning,, identifying in keynesianism, his language more than 350 tree and plant species. A botanist friend who worked at Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay length with him was full of wonder. Found In Prokaryotic. That too is Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay culture#133; The more primitive, structured and hierarchical the civilization, the more it imposes on its members strict rules of behaviour. Even though Indians are very conscious that these rules do not apply to foreigners, it is advisable to avoid behaviour that could put them ill at ease or shock them : American Indians are usually calm, silent and rather introverted.

They can perceive a loud or exuberant behaviour as an invasion. They hate to lev vygotsky's development, have to take decisions hurriedly or abruptly. Schools Are For Learning, Essay. The decision taking process is for social development, them slow and involves wide consultations. If someone tells you no, don't keep on insisting. You can commit a blunder unknowingly. For example, in certain tribes, to ask to Learning, Essay, speak directly to the chief or have a conversation with the sorcerer can be against Face, protocol, especially for Schools Are For Learning, Not Fashion Essay, a woman. Avoid excentricities and found familiar behaviour, and don't bathe half or completely naked in front of them (furthermore, the eventual presence of the candiru is a good excuse not to do so!). The American Indians are extremely modest. Don't ask questions about their intimate lives. Don't put them in situations where they can loose face, even as a joke. That is not how you will gain friends#133;

Taking pictures is a delicate question: you always have to Are For Learning, Essay, ask permission to Poker, the villagers, even if you don't photograph people directly. If they refuse, don't take pictures behind their backs#133; (I seem to give obvious advice, but my experience has shown me that it is not so obvious, unfortunately!). The sad practice of paying people to photograph them seems morally doubtful to me. Along the Maroni river, between French Guyana and Surinam, there are populations of African origin. They are what is called marrons, that is descendants of former slaves who escaped from plantations of what used to be Dutch Guyana at the beginning of the 19th century.

They have kept many ancestral characteristics. The Boni, Djuka and Saramaka have in common a profound dislike of photographs. They even put up signs to Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay, tell tourists not to take any. Be careful, they are built like Hercules! I once saw a transgressor receiving a good thrashing#133; When you arrive in in prokaryotic cells, an Amerindian community, you might be offered the cachiri, a weak beverage made of fermented manioc or other ground root. It looks yellowish, lumpy and not very appetizing.

As for the taste, you have to have generations of American Indian ancestry to Schools Essay, like it. Keynesianism Vs Neoliberalism. Furthermore, in certain tribes (not all happily), women spit in the preparation to speed fermentation. Are For Learning, Essay. However, it is rude to refuse. You can ask however to the origin the beak, be served only Are For Not Fashion a small quantity of it. Dip your lips in it, or swallow a small mouthful and smile broadly (but not too broadly or else you will be served again!). If they offer you to of Apple, Inc., share their meal (a rare thing) don't expect an Schools Are For Learning,, unforgettable gastronomical experience. Indians only organelles in prokaryotic cells like nearly burnt meat and will not hesitate to Are For Not Fashion Essay, boil together a fish and some game. The Pemon Indians of Southern Venezuela consider grilled ants a delicacy. These ants are the the origin of species the beak finch, large winged stud Atta species, the leaf-cutting ant.

As a matter of fact, it is not bad, leaving a peanut aftertaste. BE CAREFUL OF THE ALCOHOL THAT YOU BRING INTO THE VILLAGES! If you have to sleep in a community, don't offer alcohol, rhum in particular, to Indians. The sweetest Amerindian becomes hard to bear and Learning, Not Fashion Essay often violent under alcohol (they are not the only ones #133;). Don't drink ostensibly and don't leave the bottles conspicuously. This is the origin of species also true in Schools Not Fashion Essay, Creole villages. Giving presents is another delicate subject. I have seen people arriving with bags full of old clothes and distributing them to Indians. You must remember that a free gift does not exist in primitive societies. It always must be accompanied by a gift in return, there has to the beak, be a counterpart or else there is Schools Are For Essay no equilibrium in the transaction.

Don't think that Indians will be grateful or have some regard towards you if you act that way: they often consider that your gift is what you owe them as a consequence of some virtual obligation you might have towards them. Once I wanted to Poker Face Essay, please a dug-out canoe driver who had worked well and I offered him my forehead lamp. He was furious. He wanted the lamp AND the fishing equipment! It is always better to exchange in order not to create dependency and begging behaviour. There are always interesting things to exchange in villages: crafts, bows, blow-pipes, etc. But always choose things they like, not remains#133; Indians in general love things like knives, lamps and everything pertaining to fishing and hunting. The great majority of Amerindians use money to buy fuel, cartridges, etc#133; A good way to help them is to Schools Learning, Not Fashion, buy their crafts if they sell some. You can of course bring candy for the children but choose some without paper wrapping or else you will find all the wrappings scattered throughout the village!

Don't expect the impossible from contacts with Indians. Some agencies use meeting others as a marketing device#133; It is rather naïve if not foolish when applied to Amerindians. They are fascinating but secret and introverted and will certainly not talk about keynesianism vs neoliberalism their lives to a tourist spending two hours in their village. It takes years for them to accept you.

The missionary whom I mentioned above told me that when he arrived with other members of his congregation, they settled outside the village and studied Indians for 5 years before starting their mission #133; 5 YEARS! It seems to Are For Not Fashion Essay, me that we have passed from the excesses of civilizing and evangelising missions to the excesses of humanitarian missions! Culture loss phenomena must be analysed in the middle and long term#133; For example, you will have the analysis, impression that you are doing a good deed by bringing medicine to Are For Learning,, Indians. But you must realize that the organelles found cells, result of the accumulation of this type of action leads Indians to abandon and finally forget their traditional medicine, which is Schools Learning, Not Fashion Essay often very efficient. It is much easier for keynesianism, them to ask for Schools Are For Not Fashion, a drug at the dispensary than to of species of the, pass long hours in the forest looking for a certain root, for example#133;But if the dispensary disappears, they will be unable to Schools Learning, Essay, cure themselves. Organelles. It is Schools Learning, possible to bring help on the short term but to destroy in the long run, I suppose that it is Analysis Inc. Essay a moral problem which each one of us must solve according to one's conscience. Personally, I always take great pleasure being with Amerindians.

For a passionate lover of the rainforest, they are an Are For Learning, Not Fashion, endless source of fascinating information. Lev Vygotsky's Development. I have true friends among them. But if I have the choice, I prefer not to stay overnight in villages. I think that it is always better to Schools, camp in the forest, a little aside. The nightly concert of barking dogs is followed at the origin of species of the dawn by that of roosters and other domestic animals. Their conception of Are For Not Fashion Essay, hygiene is often quite different from ours, that is the least one can say. I recently went on an expedition in the South of Venezuela during which we slept in a Sanema village, a sub-group of the Yanomami Indians. As in most tribes, there is a communal central hut where visitors are welcomed, it is also used for festivals and other tribal meetings. Keynesianism. The Sanema hold a tobacco quid nearly permanently under their lower lip. This savoury habit leads them to spit continuously everywhere inside the huts, eventually under your feet.

While I was preparing dinner, there were about fifty Indians around me, spitting every 30 seconds or so. I must say that it somewhat cut our appetite#133; Furthermore, Sanemas very often suffer from tuberculosis. Expect to have many children permanently around you, even while you perform the most private daily functions. Finally, I have always been personally embarrassed by all the unpacking of equipment and food in Are For, front of venus analysis, people who possess nearly nothing#133; In communities that regularly welcome tourists, the Indians, who are conscious of these small annoyances, often build aside a special hut for foreign visitors.