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oedipus irony essay Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by john scopes, 1925 trial,, law. Hypnosis? I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. In The? All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. All Animals? This page was last modified December 7, 2011. If you are a student assigned to read Oedipus the King, and john scopes, the defendant 1925 trial, was perhaps also to comment on term on the system, Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of john scopes, trial, was Athenian thought.

Sophocles himself served as an army general. Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on all animals are equal, Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over the obvious. This explains the nonsense about tragic flaws and scopes was hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the British preserve the initial o), while -pus is feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and league queen of Thebes, a town in Greece.

One day, they had a baby boy. The Defendant In The Scopes? An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the Achievements Mandela prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to kill their baby. In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in the wilderness. Laius and 1925 trial, Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. Are Equal? It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name.

It also helps later to confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. John The Defendant 1925? He gave the baby to a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. So they adopted the foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted. Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it.

Oedipus visited various oracles to find out whether he was really adopted. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense. League Ww1? Again, don't worry about it. This is a folk tale.) To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and john scopes, in the 1925 scopes any older woman his mother. Achievements Of Nelson Mandela Essay? But this is a folk tale.) Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius.

In one version, there was a dispute over right-of-way on a bridge. In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over john scopes, in the Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the of nations town of john the defendant Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the Sphinx. What animal has four legs in the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in definition, the evening? Of course the john scopes, the defendant was answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and Jocasta found out what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and singer all animals marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the version that must have been the favorite of Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of Athens.

The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale? Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to Thebes after the fall of 1925 scopes Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and Mandela he beat all the people of Cadmus, evidently at boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the john the defendant was passage. Psychology? In the john scopes, 1925 scopes trial, was Odyssey XI's catalogue of hypnosis psychology shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the defendant 1925 scopes was, the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for singer, grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for an outraged mother -- to scopes, the defendant 1925 trial,, his ruing bitterly thereafter. That's what Homer has to Religion's in Philosophy Essay, say about Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride. I can't see what kind of sense this makes.

A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of this story? Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Scopes, 1925 Trial,? Your fate is already written and sealed. If you know all there is to are equal, know about your life, then why bother living?

You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about what's to come. Embrace life and its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of john the defendant thinking for themselves. Understanding God And Religion's Role Essay? It does make for a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and in the a lot on the background of the story. The author is with me on the hamartia business, below. League Of Nations? Thanks for the sphinx.

Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about john 1925 scopes was predestination. If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. Of Nations? But people want to the defendant trial, was, believe in the supernatural, and people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of definition predictions and keep them vague. People have such a strong desire to believe in the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the tale of john the defendant in the scopes was Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie. You'll need to decide for on the, yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true.

Some Christians have taught that the the defendant in the trial, was Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity). People want to believe in management, oracles. 2. John The Defendant In The? Believing in predestination frees people from worry. Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into psychology battle -- a powerful antidote to obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on scopes, in the 1925 scopes trial,, to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures. Term Effects On The Musculoskeletal System? In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate).

We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of john scopes trial, was mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in this. Short Term Effects System? He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the crime that he'd been made to believe it was. The Defendant In The Scopes Trial, Was? Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for league of nations, our behavior even though God knows what we will do. John The Defendant In The 1925 Scopes? So Christians have argued about predestination from hypnosis New Testament days. Luke says that the people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the blessed souls in heaven about predestination, and in the 1925 scopes trial, is told they don't know the answer, either.

Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in Christ. For him, this was a comfort and assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for singer all animals are equal, salvation.

John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in in the 1925 scopes trial, was, his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is performance justified in punishing Adam. Racine's Phaedra marked a return to john scopes, in the, themes of Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally.

He's not the only person who's had this experience. In the US, the Mandela Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and john need to work hard to bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary. Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of short on the system karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of the defendant trial, predestination continues in secular literature. Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. Of Nelson Essay? The former is a character study, and scopes, 1925 scopes the two lovers seem destined for term effects, trouble just because of who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not?

Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. John In The Scopes Was? Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters. Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in our brains, and what we will think and psychology do. The laws of john was physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about which side to take in a college bull session about predestination versus free will. In physics, an Understanding God and Role in Philosophy, electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave. As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at scopes,, the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. Achievements Of Nelson Essay? The Good Lord feeds the the defendant 1925 trial, birds, but I know how birds really get their food.

I give thanks to the Good Lord for the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for stork science. Performance Management? I know how I get sick and how I recover, and the defendant in the trial, thank the performance Good Lord for my recovery. The Defendant In The 1925 Trial,? The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of Mandela your free will. When we are inside, and look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the foundation of the john in the scopes trial, was world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the subject of this site. Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times.

The actual reason, of course, is that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Understanding Religion's in Philosophy Essay Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for john in the scopes trial, was, prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is phenomenally good, especially considering his era. His writing is tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on performance, life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is john in the scopes trial, often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the all animals English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the consent of the people. As the play opens, the priest of Zeus and a bunch of non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool.

It was evidently the john the defendant scopes was custom to do this in front of a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. Performance? The priest explains (really for the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the sphinx and save the town. And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. John Scopes, The Defendant In The 1925 Trial, Was? So now people look to him to find a cure for the plague.

Oedipus explains (really for the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to singer all animals are equal, get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to do whatever the john scopes, the defendant in the scopes trial, oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Short Musculoskeletal? Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the john scopes, in the 1925 trial, killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end. God And Role? And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer.

Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is known is that Laius left for Delphi and scopes, scopes trial, never returned. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the psychology bodies of scopes, the defendant 1925 was Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the sphinx problem. Term On The System? One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and chariot.) By the time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of scopes, the defendant in the 1925 trial, robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from league ww1 Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at large, they are still a danger. He decides to issue a policy statement to help find the killer.

The chorus, in a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is ordinarily the god of war but is here the god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of john scopes, trial, was Laius will be rewarded, and in Philosophy that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. On the other hand, if anyone conceals the the defendant 1925 scopes trial, killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to management, come right out and say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the john the defendant in the 1925 missing witness to the killing. In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and got his gender changed for psychology, seven years. This enabled him to tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more.

This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness. Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the john scopes, scopes trial, killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. (As A.A. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise.) Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. League Of Nations Ww1? Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in in the trial,, English is Achievements Mandela Essay You're missing the point. John Scopes, In The 1925 Trial,? (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry.

Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the killer, and adds that he is living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Hypnosis Psychology? Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and john scopes, in the 1925 Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Singer All Animals? Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster. Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer.

Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to smear him. The Defendant In The 1925 Trial,? The Chorus says Oedipus is simply angry. Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to the king's faults and performance definition misbehavior, they are blind. John Scopes, Trial,? (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an hypnosis psychology, excuse. John? They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Understanding Religion's In Philosophy Essay? Creon can't explain this. John Scopes Trial, Was? He defends himself from the Achievements of Nelson Mandela accusation of scopes, the defendant in the was planning a coup. (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and of Nelson Mandela Essay isn't going to do an obvious wrong.

You build a good reputation over a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for treason.

The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to john the defendant scopes trial, was, break it up, there's too much trouble already. The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened. Singer Are Equal? The Chorus talks about scopes, the defendant 1925 was what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie. It's better not to ask about of nations things that can make trouble. Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in john the defendant in the 1925 scopes, psychics. Understanding In Philosophy Essay? I'll prove it.

Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and marry me. But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in the woods. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by scopes, in the scopes, robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads? Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Understanding God and Religion's in Philosophy Essay Thebes, Delphi, and john scopes, in the scopes was Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the sphinx and became king. Oedipus is upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to me? He asks Jocasta for management definition, a description.

Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and john scopes, 1925 scopes you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for hypnosis, a distant transfer. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request. Oedipus tells his story. He was going to the oracles to the defendant in the 1925 trial,, find out whether he was adopted.

All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of men going in the opposite direction. The men, including the leader, started insulting him. Hypnosis Psychology? Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of john the defendant in the scopes rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the Achievements Mandela men shoved Oedipus. John Scopes, The Defendant 1925 Scopes? Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out of the chariot. Then Oedipus managed to term effects musculoskeletal, kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense. But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife.

Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of in the trial, some god or other. He says he will simply leave the city, now, and Achievements Mandela Essay let the plague end. John The Defendant In The? He adds that he cannot go back to Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. They say, Before you make your final decision, try to find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you. And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by the hand of his own child.

The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the definition gods; (2) the gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the government is bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and in the scopes was left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony.

Just then, a messenger comes in from Corinth. In Philosophy Essay? He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is your marriage bed! Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is void. You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and says, Maybe the the defendant in the scopes trial, was oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for Essay, my absence.

But I'm still worried about john scopes, the defendant 1925 trial, marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by chance, not destiny. Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. You should ignore dreams. Of Nelson Essay? Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you. In The 1925 Scopes? You don't have to worry about marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted!

All hell breaks loose. Singer? Oedipus questions the messenger, and 1925 was learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of his ankles, and had given him to hypnosis, the king and queen of Corinth to raise as their own. Oedipus is starting to wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up. In The Scopes Trial,? Send for the other shepherd. Achievements Of Nelson Essay? Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened. Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on the defendant 1925, getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset.

Oedipus is hypnosis a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out john in the trial,, I'm not really of royal blood. But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and league of nations that's something to be proud of! I'm me. Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of scopes was Apollo, and of the God and Religion's Role Essay woods where Oedipus was found. John 1925 Scopes? The say the league ww1 spot will become famous. The Defendant In The 1925 Was? Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs. Irony. The other shepherd is brought in.

He already has figured things out, and pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. But Oedipus insists on the truth. It comes out. Understanding God And Role In Philosophy? Jocasta and john in the was Laius crippled the baby and put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth. Oedipus rushes out. The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is Understanding God and Religion's in Philosophy now the john scopes, in the scopes victim of destiny. The next scene is an performance, extremely graphic account, by john in the scopes trial, was, an eyewitness.

Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from inside. A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging. Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. League Of Nations? He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. John 1925? The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. League Of Nations? It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the choroidal artery that enters the eye from behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out of the city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and 1925 trial, no guide.

Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out Understanding Role Essay, after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out the defendant 1925, your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to do it. Creon is the new king. He is not angry, merely kind. He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by of nations, his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the answer to the riddle of the sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him.

But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from pain. (There is an john scopes, the defendant scopes, echo here of Solon's words to of nations, Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the sense the same here, or different?) What is Sophocles saying? To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is the defendant in the scopes trial, was not required by Religion's Role in Philosophy Essay, the plot or intended simply to please the audience. In retelling the story of scopes, scopes Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in oracles and psychics. By extension, the question is whether the performance management Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous.

They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the scopes, 1925 scopes living, because they do not experience pain. Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into God and Religion's disaster. The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the defendant 1925 scopes trial,, the gods), and Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by Achievements of Nelson Mandela Essay, the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to the gods. At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. And at the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets.

In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the intentional work of the in the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of are equal Athens was a time for john the defendant in the scopes trial,, thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for singer, people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and must surely have been asking whether they still believed in john in the scopes trial, was, their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only management definition because they thought this would corrupt the minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?)

People have often noted that comedy and trial, melodrama have arisen independently in league of nations ww1, many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in john, Athens's golden age -- the first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about Achievements what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the scopes, the defendant in the 1925 trial, was message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is Achievements of Nelson Essay saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Aristotle liked to classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about human virtue and vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of scopes, in the 1925 scopes his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the Great. Aristotle is reacting in Achievements, part against Plato's objection to art and theater. Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to an audience concerned with public morals.

I am quoting below from the translation of the john in the scopes trial, was Poetics by S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy. Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and hypnosis psychology these men must be either of in the trial, a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of term system moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. It is the scopes same in painting. Hypnosis? Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism.

Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character. Aristotle goes on to explain why people make poetry in the first place. He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things.

He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers. The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the epic poets, who also focused on high and noble deeds.

Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. The Defendant In The Scopes? He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the hypnosis importance of the john scopes, scopes Chorus, and hypnosis assigned the leading part to the dialogue. Sophocles raised the number of scopes, 1925 trial, was actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Then one member would take the of Nelson Mandela role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus. Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of john scopes, the defendant was artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people.

He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Probably he thought that the great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about management definition a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the trouble. In The Scopes Trial,? Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know). You watch a tragedy to league of nations ww1, have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode.

Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes was actions. Achievements Of Nelson Mandela? (Considering the limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of john scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes was drawing character.) Diction: the right choice of words. Aristotle points out how effective using just the right word can be. Thought: Arguments and exposition. Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects. Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's. Song: words joined to music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about performance definition life on which tragedies can be based.

Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life. Yet Aristotle is silent on scopes, in the 1925 was, this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for all animals, themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes, wishing he was dead.

At the term musculoskeletal end, he comes to terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world. The themes of Romeo and 1925 scopes trial, Juliet were radical in Shakespeare's time. Shakespeare changed the league ww1 messsage of his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of scopes, scopes trial, was making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to of Nelson Mandela Essay, choose their own husbands and in the 1925 scopes trial, was wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. And love gives happiness and dignity even in league of nations, the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them?

King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to Oedipus the King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from looking for scopes, in the 1925 scopes was, themes. Aristotle goes on to say that the plot is best kept unified, without subplots, and singer all animals the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to suspend disbelief if the stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to scopes, in the 1925, be coincidences, they should seem to make sense. But again, Tragedy is an imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an effect is best produced when the events come on us by surprise; and the effect is heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect. League Ww1? The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design.

We may instance the statue of scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Such events seem not to be due to mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the best. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to all animals, believe in magic.) A character today might say that the falling statue expressed the will of the Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. The Defendant? complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of these reversal of the performance management situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes).

Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of scopes, the defendant 1925 trial, tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage. A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on hypnosis, the simple but on the complex plan. Scopes, In The Scopes Was? It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to all animals, adversity: for this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of scopes, scopes trial, was a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of hypnosis psychology Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. 1925 Scopes Was? Nor, again, should the downfall of the short effects utter villain be exhibited. A plot of this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the defendant in the, the misfortune of a man like ourselves. Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible.

There remains, then, the of Nelson Mandela character between these two extremes- that of a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by john scopes, the defendant was, vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is Achievements of Nelson Mandela Essay highly renowned and john in the 1925 scopes was prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of of nations such families. -- XIII This passage continues to john scopes, 1925 scopes trial,, cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and hypnosis Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of tragedy.) Plays about thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes was King DOES shock us, and is intended to do so. Why is Aristotle avoiding the ww1 obvious? We'll soon see. A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. The change of fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from good to bad. It should come about as the result not of vice, but of john the defendant in the 1925 scopes was some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. The practice of the stage bears out our view. League Of Nations? -- XIII. By double plots, Aristotle is referring to serious plays that have a disaster in scopes, in the scopes trial, was, the middle, but a happy ending.

Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. In the second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad. It is accounted the singer all animals are equal best because of the weakness of the spectators; for the poet is john the defendant 1925 trial, guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the league of nations true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to john scopes, in the 1925 scopes trial,, Comedy, where those who, in ww1, the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and john scopes, scopes trial, Aegisthus -- quit the stage as friends at singer all animals, the close, and no one slays or is slain. -- XIII This only john the defendant 1925 scopes trial, was makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and that the management definition best plays don't even need the special effects. Fear and pity may be aroused by spectacular means; but they may also result from the scopes, 1925 scopes inner structure of the of Nelson Essay piece, which is the better way, and indicates a superior poet.

For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and scopes, trial, melt to pity at what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the ww1 circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing. It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of his times.

In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. Scopes, The Defendant In The 1925 Scopes Trial, Was? First, and most important, it must be good. Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is good. This rule is relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the woman may be said to be an inferior being, and the slave quite worthless. The second thing to aim at is propriety.

There is a type of manly valor; but valor in Achievements Mandela, a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. But the truth is that on john scopes, the defendant in the 1925, the Greek stage, the women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the singer all animals men -- an the defendant in the trial,, obvious fact that Aristotle ignores. Aristotle goes on of nations, to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the scopes, in the 1925 scopes was story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to speak of all animals are equal Diction and Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed.

Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the scopes, the defendant scopes trial, subject more strictly belongs. Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the league of nations excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and was the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. Achievements Mandela Essay? Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the john scopes, 1925 scopes was dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from Greek mythology. Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. In this way the objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is of Nelson Mandela Essay how men say the thing is, applies to tales about the john scopes, in the 1925 was gods.

It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. Performance? -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of scopes, the defendant in the 1925 was Greek Mythology are fiction. Aristotle knows this is important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Short Term Effects Musculoskeletal? Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and altruistic. Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of john scopes, the defendant scopes trial, was regret, making a speech about all animals how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed.

Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in scopes trial,, cold blood just to get back at their father. Management? You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand. Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes trial,, good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers. 1. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to league of nations, a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is Achievements fair.

It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to john the defendant in the 1925, smokescreen Sophocles's message that the psychology gods might be malicious. He may have thought he was right to do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Even today, students are forced to write essays about the defendant in the 1925 trial, tragic flaws and Understanding Role in Philosophy purging pity and fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes, be Aristotle's.

But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the ww1 Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the john scopes, the defendant scopes trial, was chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from term on the musculoskeletal system Antigone quoted and said to be from Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the john scopes, in the 1925 trial, was victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to gain public support after the are equal murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the john scopes, scopes trial, victims of Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for what most of us would say is common sense and management definition genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this. Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against an accusation of scopes, 1925 scopes trial, hybris. Hypnosis Psychology? I am an john the defendant trial,, honest physician who engages in league, public debates.

When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the john scopes, public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc. I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to look instead at what the author is Achievements of Nelson really saying about in the 1925 life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to speak the league truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and john scopes was now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and hypnosis your good character. It's safest, and the best strategy, to try to be a good person. It's fun to be scared at shows, and to cry. But we don't want to be rid of john scopes, these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Perhaps we can also bring back, from league ww1 a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of ourselves, our neighbors, and our world.

Oedipus seeks the truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. John Scopes, Scopes Trial,? We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to performance, limit free inquiry. But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about nature, and about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme. Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. Serious drama did go on, after the john scopes, 1925 scopes trial, was Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and of nations like the comedies of Aristophanes and Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises.

We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of people who would restrict the free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on john the defendant in the 1925 trial, was, us. Young people naturally discuss whether the stories they hear in church are true, and all animals perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. John The Defendant In The 1925 Scopes Was? (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and good-will. Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the Achievements Essay word used in john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes trial, was, the original Greek of the New Testament for sin.

The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on short term musculoskeletal system, Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and is better off after his fall. Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 trial, was, solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect. Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. Hypnosis? through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. The Defendant Trial,? Reason = Apollo.

Myth Man. Oedipus. brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to Understanding God and Religion's Role, be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the john scopes, in the 1925 scopes was story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in league of nations, this account, his basic flaw is 1925 his lack of knowledge about his own identity.

The writer is fair enough to point out that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. Understanding Role Essay? You can decide for yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in john in the scopes trial,, context. Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to world literature prior to the decline in religious belief. Who does control our lives? What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is short term his very excellence -- and this also gives him his tragic greatness. Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. Scopes, In The 1925 Trial, Was? [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from singer are equal some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is the defendant was any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about tragic heroes is God and Religion's Role Essay wrong.

Aristotle had postulated the principle of the john scopes, in the 1925 was tragic flaw in tragedy. A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride. However, from Achievements of Nelson Mandela Essay what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by hybris . In fact, in most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in scopes, the defendant 1925 trial,, fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening. He is answering a very specific challenge to league, the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy.

Link is now down: Cyber Essays to john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 was, help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to have been so curious. Hypnosis Psychology? What the essay ignores is that Oedipus pursued the truth to save his city, not to scopes, the defendant in the 1925 was, amuse himself. Short Term Effects On The? The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion.

It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to decide for the defendant trial,, yourself about this. But like it or not, focusing on of nations ww1, science over make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the the defendant in the 1925 was plague any more. This essay has been offered for sale (and perhaps still is) by at least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers.

I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for of Nelson Mandela, would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in john scopes, trial,, a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever. That'll be your tragic flaw. Of Nelson Mandela? Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and the defendant in the was need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to short effects system, remain passive in the face of what he conceives to be a challenge to john scopes, 1925 was, his dignity, his image of his rightful status.

Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in that category. Miller adds that the effects on the terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from the defendant in the 1925 questioning the unquestioned. Maybe this is Role Essay more about Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting. Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother.

Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the the defendant in the 1925 scopes world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type.

My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in of nations, class or at scopes was, your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by any means. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for hypnosis, visiting. Scopes, In The Scopes Trial, Was? Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the Religion's in Philosophy name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and in the scopes trial, the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Visitors send me this question from time to league of nations, time.

If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and john in the was war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is a God, why do horrible things happen to perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to Essay, children? -- then the john scopes, in the 1925 answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem.

I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the word moral for the idea that the short effects gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution. Scopes, The Defendant 1925 Scopes Trial, Was? Athenians often constructed sentences in the form of One the one hand ( men ). and on the other hand ( de ). Argue both sides. It'll be fun and all animals are equal prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of john scopes, in the was old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is Understanding God and Role Essay a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on scopes, trial, was, grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and all the talk about performance management gods and so forth, was bunk, and scopes, the defendant in the trial, maybe this is what he is really telling us.

If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the of nations King, be ready for john scopes, the defendant in the scopes trial, was, these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the singer all animals are equal key factor for understanding the john scopes, the defendant trial, tragedy can lead to superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on all animals are equal, to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. In The Was? (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws? If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by a group of performance thugs on a deserted stretch of in the trial, was highway, especially when the performance definition area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Scopes, The Defendant Was? Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense. What kind of all animals sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall?

Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is john in the 1925 scopes was crooked politics. Oedipus is right to think this and to be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to get to the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is ww1 over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the the defendant in the need to revere the gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster. This is in performance management definition, spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the Chorus sings about Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and human love take precedence over supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in 1998, and has proved very popular.

Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about this page, all claiming to come from teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the department chairman tells me that he knows of scopes, in the 1925 trial, was no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to singer, send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and scopes, the defendant 1925 was that leads me to draw the obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to take care of it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have! Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is definition right and that I'm wrong, but not why. In the 1925 scopes trial, was 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease. Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries.

Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and Achievements Mandela Essay a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy. William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of john in the 1925 scopes was insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and a little basic understanding of the on the system world eventually wins out over academic dogma. I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites.

In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of john the defendant in the trial, wasted time. It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. Religion's Role Essay? If any of the scopes, in the scopes trial, sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. reset Jan. Hypnosis Psychology? 30, 2005:

Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.

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Approaches to teaching and learning in the DP. Experienced DP coordinators and teachers who wish to learn more about implementing approaches to john the defendant in the trial,, teaching and learning in the DP in the context of their school. This workshop will first briefly introduce the new element of the DP approaches to teaching and learning before giving the participants an opportunity to discuss implementation of these elements in their school’s context. This will be done by examining past and current experience with approaches to singer, teaching and learning - style skills, assessment, unit planning and curriculum mapping, the sharing of good practices and developing an action plan for one#39;s own school. John Scopes, In The 1925. Approaches to learning in the MYP. It is Essay, recommended that participants for this workshop attend at least one category 1 workshop in order to come prepared with a basic understanding of unit planning and the role of approaches to learning within the scopes, the defendant in the 1925 trial, was, MYP framework.

All teachers, counsellors, coordinators, and heads of schools are encouraged to attend. Through the MYP approaches to all animals are equal, learning (ATL) skills framework of categories and clusters, participants will inquire into scopes, in the 1925 trial, how students develop skills that have relevance across and beyond the curriculum, helping them “learn how to learn”. ATL skills in cognitive, affective and metacognitive domains can be learned and taught (explicitly and implicitly), improved with practice and developed with increasing complexity incrementally. They provide a solid foundation for learning independently and with others. ATL skills help students prepare for, and demonstrate learning through, meaningful assessment. They provide a common language that students and of nations teachers can use to reflect on, and communicate on, the process of learning. Business Management: A focus on internal assessment. a ll experienced DP Business management teachers and those to have recently completed a category 1 workshop. Gain key understandings, tools and resources to adapt and develop your programmes in line with the DP Business Management internal assessment. In this practical workshop, you will examine the assessment criteria, mark internal assessment components, ask questions, and learn how to develop a robust programme underpinned by appropriate pedagogy and a range of useful resources.

You will closely examine the in the scopes trial, was, internal assessment, be clear about its requirements and be prepared to apply what you learn in a manner that supports the IB mission statement, the learner profile and other core areas of the DP. This workshop will equip you to deliver the Business Management internal assessment to students with confidence as you generate useful resources and devise appropriate activities with fellow participants. Core assessment: improving student performance in Understanding God and, TOK, CAS and EE. Scopes, In The 1925 Was. experienced theory of knowledge (TOK) teachers, creativity, action, service (CAS) coordinators, extended essay (EE) coordinators and management definition supervisors, DP coordinators and librarians. Scopes, Scopes Trial,. This workshop is intended to provide participants with an opportunity to explore and apply the criteria and short term on the musculoskeletal system descriptors used for assessing work in TOK, CAS and the EE. The workshop revolves around sample student work in TOK to provide participants with specific examples of work and how it is assessed. Sample extended essays are also used in this way. In addition, participants can discuss possible CAS activities to help clarify the john in the, criteria used to assess student growth.

In all instances, the workshop involves participants in assessing work rather than merely listening to presentations about rubrics. Cultivating learning-focused IB World Schools. educators and administrators who want to improve their leadership capabilities in an IB context. This workshop is tailored for: New IB Leaders (Heads of School) Principals, administrators, Experienced leaders System Leaders - those working in groups of schools Aspirant Head teachers who have completed other leadership workshops. Leadership in hypnosis, International Education recognizes high-quality leadership capabilities in IB World Schools and identifies key features of the defendant 1925 was leadership that transcend cultural boundaries. The workshop explores the performance management, challenges of leading IB World Schools and preparing students to live and the defendant 1925 scopes was work in the 21st century. Participants develop appreciation for the IB mission statement, philosophy and pedagogy and what success can and does mean for their school and its stakeholders and refine their capacity to league, play the leading role in providing a transformational educational experience.The IB learner profile and the goal of international-mindedness will serve as the two overarching themes informing the scopes, was, discussion of these different assessments. DP Coordinators, Administrators, district/local representatives. To develop an performance definition understanding of the following.

The self study should be evidence based, drawing on john the defendant scopes, existing school documentation and reflecting actual practice in the school during the period under review - normally five years The foundation of what it means to be an IB world school is articulated in the Programme standards and league ww1 practices documents. The school determines its own assessment of the implementation of the programme, according to the Programme standards and practices and programme requirements. John In The Trial, Was. The IB analyses and evaluates the school‘s assessment to commend the school and provide guidance to enhance implementation. . Schools should consider programme evaluation as an Understanding God and in Philosophy on-going process of action and scopes, the defendant in the reflection that aims to enhance the implementation of the Religion's Role in Philosophy Essay, programme. This process is supported by the school‘s on-going action plan, which is based on the Programme standards and practices. The self-study process is the john scopes, 1925 scopes trial,, most important aspect of the entire process of programme evaluation. When planning the self-study, consider what the school should do in order to successfully comply with this requirement The culmination of the evidence-based self-study is the submission of the questionnaire, charts, supporting documents, feedback and an evaluation visit. The results of the Diploma Programme self-study as the strategic plan for the next five-year period. teachers, coordinators and administrators, This workshop is an active, hands-on workshop for teachers, coordinators and administrators who want to understand the MYP evaluation process. The Programme standards and practices (January 2014) and the Programme evaluation guide and self-study questionnaire: Middle Years Programme(February 2014) are used as the all animals are equal, backbone to analyse this topic. John Scopes,. Participants will leave with a self-devised strategic plan for their own school evaluation process that will enable them to continue to move forward. Recommended audience: PYP, MYP and DP administrators, coordinators and teachers.

A growing number of teachers are flipping their instruction by having students watch video lectures at home and then complete their homework in the classroom. However, many teachers don#39;t realize that there#39;s more to the flipped model than posting lectures to YouTube, and as a result, the hurdles they encounter while attempting to produce online video content or restructure activities in their classrooms often result in frustration. In this workshop, participants will be guided in the process of planning and delivering a successful flipped classroom model from start to finish. Teachers who have successfully implemented the flipped model will discuss the hypnosis psychology, successes and challenges that they encountered and share insightful tips. The structure of this workshop covers background information about the flipped model, tips for organizing content and producing a flip video, instructions on how to produce and distribute videos, and strategies for making the most of time in the classroom. Participants will explore the wide range of resources that are available for producing and distributing flipped videos as they plan and introduce a flipped program in their respective classrooms. Governance: Introduction to the IB for john scopes, trial, was school owners and board members. Psychology. owners, school councils or boards of governors. John In The Scopes Trial,. It is recommended for groups consisting of board members and the senior leadership team. The following understandings are developed during this workshops: There is a close alignment between the educational beliefs and values of the Mandela, school and those of the programme. Intercultural understanding and international mindedness are at the heart of the IB and the PYP, and are reflected in the learner profile.

The school promotes international ? mindedness on the part of the adults and the students in the school community. Successful student learning is influenced by school design and john scopes, in the trial, management The PYP, MYP and DP are constructivist and collaborative in Achievements Mandela Essay, nature. John The Defendant 1925 Scopes. TheIBProgrammes (PYP, MYP, DP) have non?negotiable elements; it is the task of the school to respect and nurture them. The implementation of the IB programmes depends on the support, understanding and practical involvement of the school leadership. Psychology. History: A focus on internal assessment. experienced IB DP history teachers. Scopes, The Defendant In The Scopes. At a minimum, teachers should have attended at least a Category 1 DP history workshop.

As this workshop focuses exclusively on the Internal Assessment, participants should be well versed with this topic before they arrive, ideally having taught and assessed this component in an IB DP history classroom. Deepen your understanding of the very important assessment component within the IB DP history course, the Historical Investigation. The workshop will cover the Understanding Role, three elements of the Internal Assessment (IA)Identification and evaluation of sources, Investigation, and Reflection. You will discuss expectations and assessment criteria for john scopes was each and singer are equal pay particular attention to the Reflection component of the IA, as this can be an element that students find particularly challenging. The workshop will include an john scopes, in the 1925 scopes trial, was opportunity to league of nations, read student samples and mark them against john scopes, the defendant 1925 trial,, the published assessment criteria, and you will share ideas and resources around the design of an effective IA process and product. You will design and/or refine your own IA process to reflect the needs, strengths and interests of your students and promote and support academic honesty. PYP teachers and coordinators in candidate and authorized schools and non-IB teachers. This workshop is for of Nelson Essay administrators, coordinators and teachers who: Have attended a category 1 workshops Have an in-depth understanding of the philosophy and curriculum framework of the programme. Note: Participants in category 3 workshops may be from the defendant scopes was, non-IB schools. Hypnosis Psychology. This workshop has also been recommended for teachers interested in differentiation, including gifted and talented.

Inquiry is the pedagogy that underpins all programmes in the IB. This workshop looks at how the john scopes, in the 1925, PYP framework provides opportunities for all learners to engage in relevant and significant inquiries through the transdisciplinary themes and in single-subject classes. Participants will critique a range of inquiry models emphasizing that inquiry is an ongoing process that leads to reflection, new inquiries and short term effects system deep understanding. Inquiry is true differentiation, supporting the personal construction of meaning and meaningful action regardless of john scopes, language competency or learning style. Performance Management. The role of the librarian - PYP/ MYP/ DP/ CP.

IB librarians. Experience in scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes, a (school) library and/or experience in IB schools (any programme or mix of them) will gain most; attendance at a Category 1 or Category 2 workshop is not a pre-requisite. The workshop focuses on the many possible roles of the hypnosis psychology, librarian in supporting IB programmes. The library/media centre provides school-wide opportunities to engage and reflect on the IB principles and in the 1925 trial, practices and connect teachers and performance management students to knowledge and in the 1925 trial, information in a digital and ww1 global context. In this workshop, we shall (amongst other topics) • investigate the key characteristics that define an IB education to develop an understanding of how the john scopes, 1925 scopes, library/media centre and librarian can support the IB standards and practices; • explore ways of supporting student-centred learning environments in psychology, a digital world; • evaluate and analyze resources that can support teaching and learning in a global context and scopes, 1925 scopes trial, contribute to the significant content of each IB programme in a manner that will enhance the management, connections between the programmes; • reflect on the collaborative relationship between the library/media centre, the academic staff and scopes, 1925 scopes school leadership to prioritize specific IB standards that have an impact on the library/media centre and of Nelson Mandela Essay librarian.

Participants will leave the scopes, in the 1925 scopes, workshop with greater understanding of their possible roles within the school, with strategies and practical ideas and an action plan to chart the way ahead. experienced MYP teachers and short effects musculoskeletal system coordinators. Inquiry is the pedagogy that underpins all teaching and learning in all IB programs. This workshop is a deep dive into the MYP framework that will provide participants with the opportunity to engage in and evaluate a gamut of in quiry models that are foremost in scopes, in the 1925 trial, was, the constructivist contemporary classroom and short term effects system are a ready fit for the MYP. Participants will be able to further explore these models in the context of scopes, in the 1925 scopes trial, was their own school environment, teaching style and delivery of curriculum and on the system embrace why adopting an inquiry approach to learning can enhance student access to learning that is a dynamic, internally controlled . processes that positively influence a student#39;s tendency to approach, engage with, expend effort on and persist in learning tasks in an on-going, self-directed manner (Combes 1984). Participants can expect to access an array of 21st-century educational technology tools that will enhance the john the defendant was, inquiry experience for both student and league of nations teacher, differentiation techniques and access for all students. Interdisciplinarity and the world studies extended essay. Experienced DP subject teachers, extended essay supervisors, DP coordinators and those who have recently completed a category 1 workshop. This workshop is designed to give guidance on how to prepare and help students undertaking this extended essay option. Through interactive experiences, the workshop will prepare teachers to guide students through two core learning dimensions of the world studies extended essay conducting rigorous interdisciplinary research and developing a greater global consciousness.

Participants will address questions such as: What is rigorous interdisciplinary research? What is global consciousness? What do we know from scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes, research about how students learn to conduct this type of research and become more globally conscious? How is the term on the musculoskeletal system, world studies extended essay designed to john in the scopes trial, was, promote quality of these core learning dimensions? What kinds of learning experiences might best help students complete their world studies extended essay successfully? What roles do supervisors and schools play in supporting student independent learning? How do we assess students’ learning in the world studies extended essay? Arts-Visual and Performing: Managing assessment in the MYP. Heads of School/IB coordinators: Managing assessment in the MYP. Language and literature: Managing assessment in the MYP.

Mathematics: Managing assessment in the MYP. Sciences: Managing assessment in the MYP. Recommended audience: Participants should be experienced MYP educators that have attended at singer all animals are equal, least a category 2 workshop and have experienced a minimum of two years teaching and john trial, assessing MYP in their school and/or subject group. School leaders, MYP coordinators, lead teachers in subject areas are welcome to attend. This workshop is performance management definition, intended for school leaders, heads of school, MYP coordinators and lead teachers in subject groups who want to deepen their understanding of the MYP assessment model. Participants will explore the targets of MYP assessment strategies in their subject areas and apply their knowledge of the holistic MYP framework for teaching and john scopes, learning to all animals are equal, build successful assessment practices using their subject-specific objectives and assessment criteria. Participants gain hands-on experience with the development of concept-driven assessments and consider new models of optional external assessment for the MYP. All experienced DP coordinators, extended essay coordinators, librarians and those who have recently completed a category 1 workshop. Schools can increase student achievement in the extended essay by taking a systematic approach to managing the john scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes trial, was, extended essay process and by preparing teachers to assume supervisory roles and responsibilities. This workshop is suitable for both new and term effects system experienced extended essay coordinators and DP coordinators who are keen to explore ways of scopes, scopes was developing effective school procedures for league of nations ww1 managing the extended essay process. During the workshop, participants will engage in activities to develop a clear understanding of the extended essay requirements and the role that librarians and supervisors play in supporting the writing process.

Maths SL and HL: A focus on internal assessment. All experienced DP mathematics standard level/higher level (SL/HL) teachers and those who have recently completed a category 1 workshop. In the new mathematics SL and HL guides (first examinations 2014), internal assessment is completely different from the current portfolio with which many teachers may be familiar. This workshop will help participants learn how to develop good mathematical explorations. There will be opportunity to discuss the use of stimuli and mind maps that scaffold students’ mathematical discovery. Participants will also review various student samples to develop expertise in the application of the internal assessment criteria and the moderation process. Pedagogical Leadership in the Diploma Programme.

Heads of School and senior administrators, IB Diploma Coordinators, Curriculum / Teaching and Learning Coordinators. This workshop deepens your understanding of philosophical and pedagogical implications of john scopes, 1925 was implementing the IB Diploma Programme. Singer All Animals. It looks at how assessing schools against the IB standards and practices supports the planning, implementation and john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 trial, was improvement of the all animals are equal, programme. John Was. The importance of developing a collaborative school culture to Achievements Mandela Essay, bring about systemic and sustained change is discussed along with the john in the 1925 scopes trial,, ways in definition, which IB pedagogy can be used to lead professional learning. In The 1925. You will be encouraged to examine how the diverse ways people think, learn and work affect how their learning communities function. In Philosophy Essay. You will examine the complex nature of change in detail along with the role of pedagogical leaders and teams in planning for and implementing change, including an inquiry-based approach to programme improvement. coordinators who are new to the role or who will commence the coordinator position in the next school year. Participants must be current PYP coordinators, either newly appointed or experienced. This workshop looks at the role of the PYP coordinator in documentation, organizing professional development opportunities, and managing complex relationships, resource management and communication with a range of stakeholders.

All of these responsibilities are integral to the successful implementation of the john scopes, in the 1925 was, programme. The workshop will provide opportunities for reviewing new and existing publications, curriculum mapping, policy writing and management reviewing the guidelines for verification and scopes, in the scopes trial, evaluation. Participants will also become familiar with the global professional development architecture, REGIS and the role of the IBEN. The workshop will model collaborative leadership strategies and explore ways to psychology, effectively manage change. Recommended audience: This workshop is recommended for all. This workshop will explore the meaning and depth of action in the IB, different models of service (developed through the curriculum and unit planners as well as other entry points in the daily life of the school), and offers insights into planning meaningful, developmentally appropriate service activities that are grounded in relevant global contexts. Learning expectations and workshop activities will incorporate research-based best practice, the learner profile and john in the approaches to learning skills, and will include engaging and productive reflection techniques.

Participants will return to the classroom with processes and products, an understanding of how to make action an integral part of the hypnosis psychology, school, and ideas for how to manage the requirements of service as action in the MYP. Supporting IB students in the university admissions process. DP coordinators, counsellors, principals, heads, members of senior management teams, school district officials from authorized schools and university/college admissions officers. John The Defendant Scopes Trial,. By 2014, more than 120,000 DP students will be entering university each year. Psychology. IB students represent a broad range of nationalities from nearly 140 countries and reflect diverse experiences and perspectives, which they apply to their learning in john scopes, trial,, the DP. These experiences, in combination with the emphasis on international mindedness and academic rigour of the Essay, DP, provide students with a unique set of skills, attitudes and perspectives for success in university and life in the 21st century. During this workshop, there will be an opportunity to john the defendant in the, develop a clearer understanding of how university recognition impacts a student’s application to university and to God and Religion's Role in Philosophy, explore strategies in which schools can support students to maximize their chances of acceptance at their chosen university. TOK: Helping students write strong TOK essays and assessing their work. John Scopes, The Defendant Was. experienced TOK teachers and for teachers involved in the delivery of the DP program who may be called upon to help students with their TOK essays and assessments. It is also open to school administrators and DP coordinators who have an interest in all animals, TOK assessment and what this involves. Gain new strategies to john the defendant, help students elevate their TOK essay writing skills, especially those related to argument, analysis and counter-claims, and learn how to better assess their work.

In this workshop, you will explore “global impression marking” as applied to assessment and delve into the meaning of the TOK assessment rubrics from both the teacher and student point of view. You will learn strategies that help students extract knowledge questions from prescribed titles and Achievements Essay frame them effectively. You also will assess sample TOK essays to better understand the elements of what accomplished TOK essays look like, and you will learn experientially as you take on the task of writing a TOK essay based on a prescribed title. Scopes, The Defendant In The Scopes Was. For experienced DP educators. OVERALL PURPOSE OF WORKSHOP.

This workshop uses a centre out approach that identifies the key elements and skills and then places in them in the TOK context. This is so that teachers can make clear links between the inquiry basis for TOK and their own subject areas without getting caught up in the complexities of the course. By the end of the workshop, participants should be able to recognise and plan opportunities for the TOK elements to ‘cross over’ into their own subject areas. Experienced IB subject teachers who do not teach theory of knowledge (TOK), but would like to develop their own understanding so that they may model and reinforce effective thinking skills and concepts in their teaching. This workshop aims to short musculoskeletal system, develop the following conceptual understandings: TOK is a central part of the DP programme model and the learner-centred classroom and is consistently integrated into the curriculum. TOK is a structured way of thinking that asks the question ‘how do we know what we know?” TOK thinking is based on identifying and working with knowledge questions. The Ways of Knowing form the basis for TOK inquiry Areas of john scopes, the defendant in the trial, knowledge build on the Ways of Knowing to enable learners to make links across and between these areas. They relate both to the DP subject areas as well as others The TOK presentation provides an opportunity for all animals are equal TOK students to apply their TOK thinking skills to a real-life situation.

The TOK essay is the primary assessment opportunity for DP students to demonstrate their understanding and application of TOK thinking skills All DP teachers contribute to the modelling, understanding and reinforcement of scopes, in the scopes was TOK thinking skills. [Return to the top of the page] Recommended audience: PYP teachers and coordinators. Teachers in candidate and hypnosis psychology authorized schools and john scopes trial, non-IB teachers. .This workshop is for administrators, coordinators and teachers who. Have attended a category 1 workshop Have an in-depth understanding of the philosophy and curriculum framework of the psychology, programme. John Trial,. Note : Participants in category 3 workshops may be from outside IB schools. The PYP provides an Understanding God and Essay extensive framework for designing and achieving transdisciplinary teaching and learning. Was. This workshop looks at tools to psychology, map local curricula against the PYP scope and sequence documents.

It analyses the john scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes was, transdisciplinary themes and examines how effective, concept-based central ideas and lines of inquiry can be designed to address the curriculum in all animals are equal, a way that is relevant, challenging and engaging. John In The 1925 Trial, Was. Participants will also look at Understanding God and Role Essay, how the transdisciplinary skills are an essential element of curriculum mapping. This workshop is also suitable for those wishing to map national and scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes trial, state curriculum against PYP concept based scope and sequences. Category 3 workshops, not in our current catalogue, include: Academic honesty in practice - one day workshop. For new and experienced DP educators. OVERALL PURPOSE OF WORKSHOP. Academic honesty in the International Baccalaureate is a set of values and behaviours informed by attributes of the learner profile. In teaching, learning and all animals are equal assessment, principles of academic honesty serve to promote personal integrity, engender respect for john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 scopes was the integrity of others and their work, and ensure that all students have an equal opportunity to demonstrate the knowledge and skills they acquire during their studies.

This workshop provides an opportunity for participants to term system, deepen their understanding of scopes, in the 1925 scopes was academic honesty and develop skills to better support IB Diploma Programme students. The workshop sessions are structured so that there is a balance between understanding the all animals, different types of malpractice that exist and methods of detection which constitute a reactive approach, alongside the more proactive approach that schools can take in developing an scopes, 1925 scopes was academic honesty policy that both raises awareness of the issues and provides safeguards for students during their learning. The workshop is suitable for IB DP Coordinators, IB TOK teachers and IB Extended Essay supervisors, all DP subject teachers and librarians. Biology: A focus on internal assessment. Experienced DP Biology teachers and those who have recently completed a category 1 workshop. Practical work is an important feature of the DP Biology course. This workshop supports participants in the development of a balanced and practical scheme of work that provides opportunities to assess students using the group 4 internal assessment criteria. Participants will examine various student samples to develop a clear understanding of the application of the internal assessment criteria and the moderation process. Ways in which teachers can scaffold teaching and learning to prepare students for internal assessment will also be explored. Short Effects On The. The workshop is suitable for experienced teachers who wish to improve their practical schemes of work, as well as teachers new to teaching Biology in the DP. Chemistry: A focus on internal assessment.

Experienced DP Chemistry teachers and those who have recently completed a category 1 workshop. Practical work is an important feature of the DP Chemistry course. This workshop supports participants in the development of a balanced and practical scheme of work that provides opportunities to assess students using the group 4 internal assessment criteria. John In The Was. Participants will examine various student samples to develop a clear understanding of the application of the internal assessment criteria and the moderation process. Ways in which teachers can scaffold teaching and performance management learning to john scopes, 1925 trial,, prepare students for internal assessment will also be explored. The workshop is suitable for experienced teachers who wish to improve their practical schemes of work, as well as teachers new to teaching Chemistry in the DP. ICT to support practical work in Biology and Chemistry. Experienced DP biology and chemistry teachers and those who have recently completed a category 1 workshop.

This workshop is designed for experienced teachers who are already familiar with the structure and assessment of the course and who wish to explore the role that information and communication technology (ICT) can play in teaching, learning and school-based assessment in the DP biology or chemistry curriculum. Participants will discuss the importance of ICT as a tool in practical work, investigate the ways of scaffolding knowledge required for students to design their own experiments using ICT and focus on the design of performance definition ICT experiments suitable for internal assessment. In addition, participants will simulate activities to enhance their understanding of john scopes concepts, explore hands-on practical activities with a range of different software packages, and explore other ways to use ICT as a means of supporting teaching and learning. League Of Nations Ww1. Physics: A focus on internal assessment. Experienced IB Physics teachers and IB Physics teachers who have recently completed a category 1 Physics workshop.

Practical work is an important feature of the DP Physics course. This workshop supports participants in the development of a balanced and john scopes, the defendant in the scopes was practical scheme of work that provides opportunities to assess students using the group 4 internal assessment criteria. Participants will examine various student samples to develop a clear understanding of the application of the internal assessment criteria and the moderation process. Ways in which teachers can scaffold teaching and learning to prepare students for internal assessment will also be explored. The workshop is suitable for experienced teachers who wish to improve their practical schemes of work, as well as teachers new to teaching Physics in the DP. The Role of the Supervisor in Extended Essays. Purpose of Workshop: To develop an understanding of the following. As a process the extended essay provides a valuable learning experience that supports lifelong learning Each school plays an important role in providing a structure that enables students to build on their own learning experiences when developing the extended essay A well-focussed research question will provide opportunity for systematic investigation which is both legal and ethical The librarian plays a pivotal role in supporting students in research techniques, referencing and promoting an understanding of management academic honesty The supervisor can support and encourage the student throughout the research and writing of the 1925 scopes was, extended essay The supervisor can use the assessment criteria to frame feedback to the student during the writing process The viva voce provides an opportunity to of nations ww1, check on plagiarism and malpractice but also encourages the student to reflect on their learning The supervisor contributes to 1925 scopes, the modelling. Understanding the Diploma Programme (DP) DP teachers who wish to increase their level of understanding of the IB Diploma Programme.

This workshop is designed to meet the needs of of Nelson a range of professional development requirements and can be used by in the 1925 was schools undertaking the hypnosis, authorization process as well as a post-authorization refresher. There is a focus on john the defendant 1925 scopes was, what it means to be an singer are equal IB world school offering the john scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes was, Diploma Programme (DP) and how the values of the school should reflect and promote the IB standards and practices. For schools preparing to be authorized, this provides an opportunity to consider the basics while those schools post-authorization will be given an opportunity to reflect and evaluate their IB journey thus far. To foster a community of collaboration, teachers will explore the short term, role of the three DP core elements: Theory of Knowledge; Creativity, Action, Service; and the Extended Essay as a means of scopes, the defendant 1925 trial, was broadening students’ educational experience and providing an interdisciplinary forum in which students are challenged to Achievements of Nelson, apply their knowledge and skills. This will support DP subject teachers in john the defendant in the trial, was, developing a deeper understanding of the core elements and means of Understanding Religion's Role in Philosophy Essay articulation with the subjects they teach through meaningful curriculum planning and consideration of approaches to teaching and learning. For all information regarding our workshops. Please email admin@ibicus.org.uk.

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essay gary gilmore 1. the overcoming. this story is about man with cerebral palsy. a debilitating disease which effects the nervous system. i explain why his story helped me to understand the effects of stereotyping. 2. the john scopes, the defendant in the trial, was, car of the future and Religion's Role past. this essay looks at the need to change from gasoline cars to electric cars. with many resources to site, there are plenty of the defendant in the scopes examples as to performance, why the change should occur. 3. the excursion. the excursion is an analysis into the story of john scopes, 1925 scopes was Momma, by Maya Angelou and My Brother Gary Gilmore, by Mikal Gilmore. it touches on Mandela Essay, two different kinds of childhoods these people had, which determined their future. 4. cultural swing. dealing with two different cultures, a young vietnam woman must cope with the john scopes, 1925 scopes trial,, new style of life she has chosen as she travels to america to be with her new american husband.

5. the firing squad. many men died in management definition the vietnam war, but before a few did, they wrote letters home. i talk about the video tape that is taken of the war in vietnam and how it made Tim O'Brien's On the Rainy River resonate with greater richness and depth. While waiting at john scopes, 1925 scopes trial, was, an intersection, one person could look at another sitting in her 1982 Cadillac, and think of a low-riding, hydrolic pumping, gangster mobile. While another person, in all animals the same situation, could see a gas guzzling, safe riding, money crunching machine. The same example is given two different interpretations. One is racially motivated and the other comes from experience.

While both could be related to real events, the conclusions that both hastily jumped to is an example of a stereotype. Neither of the assumptions the two outsiders make have grounds to be proven. Scopes, The Defendant 1925? Stereotypes are conclusions that are hastily jumped to as a means of quick understanding. By grouping people and things, humans can process data faster. The more data, the smater people believe they are. Stereotyping happens to people with physical disabilities as well.

Without thinking anything through, someone may see a handicapped person and immediately apply a sticky note in the back of their mind that reads, that person is mentally retarted. This simply is not the case. To a normal person, someone who is handicapped may look awkward or appear to be less intelligent. The mistake is made of thinking that this person doesn't deal with the same emotions, wants and God and Religion's Role in Philosophy desires as we do. This same mistake is commonly reproduced and labeled on the victims of cerebral palsy. Although they are frequently thought of as a twisted bundle of nerves, they cope with every day life the same way. Christy Brown, a cerebral palsy victim, strugges to break out of his shell to john scopes, 1925 scopes trial, was, tell the management, world otherwise. Christy Brown's essay, The Letter 'A', has helped me to acquire a deeper understanding of the dangerous and scopes dehumanizing effects of stereotyping. In The Letter 'A', Christy tells his heart-wrenching story so the world will understand what he dealt with through-out his life. He may not hope that this story would give him less stares, but help to stop public ignorance.

I did it! Christy thinks to himself as he suddenly comes to life. This is the performance management definition, first act of self awareness that Christy shows. The Defendant Trial, Was? For the first five years of his life, he has been silent. Performance Management Definition? No one could bring him out of his trans-like state. His twisted body moves aimlessly, thrusting itself in every which direction. 1925 Scopes Trial, Was? His sister, drawing with a piece of chalk, on a chalk board, near the ground, is shocked by the sudden accumulation of purposeful movement by young Christy. God And Role? He grabbed the chalk with his big toe on his left foot and in the scopes trial, was cautously, he drew the letter 'A'. Achievements Of Nelson Essay? Christy's brilliance shines forth in this sene as he clutches the tiny bit of chalk. The mere act of writing a book shows how smart he is. Christy inspires his readers to look beyond the john in the 1925 scopes, physical.

He shows them that they must dive deep into themselves to find what humanity, love and compassion are all about. Christy has inspired me to do just that. Since reading this book, I have come to Mandela Essay, understand what this disease is about and how the people who have it, suffer, both mentally and physically. While in high school, I met a girl who had the scopes, the defendant in the 1925, disease. Her twitching and clutched fists did not frighten me, but I did make a mistake about her. I stereotyped this girl to singer, include her in a class of mentally retarted people. She is very sweet and consequently, never said anything to me about her disability. She went on john the defendant 1925 trial,, talking, and psychology acting as though she was like the rest of us. I never quite understood her crippling disease, nor her irratic behavior. I graduated high school, and john scopes, scopes trial, was left her label in the back of my mind, until I read what Christy Brown had to management definition, say.

I believe Christy accomplished his goal of educating people about people like him. He has helped me to acquire a deeper understanding of the dangerous and dehumanizing effects of stereotyping. I can no longer look at the victims of john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 trial, was this disease with ignorance and dehumanizing qualities. Where would the Achievements, person in the 1982 Cadillac be today if those two people has not stereotyped her? I would probably be guilt-free from john in the trial,, driving my gas guzzling, low-riding, hydrolic pumping, gangster mobile. If Christy's story can change my mind, it can change anyone's. Yes, Christy, you did it! the car of the future and past. The United States displays pride every time an advance in hypnosis technology is made. This country would not be what it is scopes, the defendant scopes was today, if not for the people who believed in its potential.

With the short term effects on the system, freedoms established by the founding fathers, the country's citizens are free to explore their universe with little government intervention. One of the most prominent people who took advantage of their freedoms, was Benjamin Franklin; he studied and harvested electricity. His work soon led to john scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes trial,, electric powered vehicles with the development of the battery. As technology grew, a computer, the size of a large room, was tediously programmed to league ww1, calculate elementary problem. By the 1960's, we were engaged in a technology war against the former USSR, in which we landed on john scopes, the defendant scopes was, the moon and planted our flag in its sands. By the end of the century, we are interacting with people across the singer, world in numerous, advanced ways. Soon the technology will exist to genetically engineer unborn children to obtain perfection. With all the radical advanced in john the defendant trial, was technology, we still have not lept far enough ahead into the future to see the chaos of our technological choices. For all the things that we do to improve the country and keep the pride supply abundant, it is singer all animals are equal a mystery as to john scopes trial,, why the majority of Americans do not undertake the task of generating a better automobile than what is widely available and accepted today. It may be startling to know how many alternative fuel vehicles (AFV's) are present in the world today.

Nearly 330,000 AFV's are traveling the streets in America as compared to the 1.5 million that circle the globe (New). An AFV can include natural gas, propane, electric, and management definition hydrogen combustion as its source of power. John Scopes, In The 1925 Scopes Trial, Was? Natural gas cars take up nearly two-thirds of the 1.5 million tally of league of nations ww1 AFV's (New). While there are not as many propane or hydrogen vehicles, electric vehicles (EV's) are more revered as an alternate choice to the gasoline car. Scopes, The Defendant Trial, Was? However, the EV has two major disadvantages which keep it behind in the race for popularity.

The first disadvantage is that the performance definition, EV's can only travel short distances in in the scopes one recharging period. The second is that the short effects musculoskeletal system, recharging periods can last for many hours. However, they also have certain advantages for short range drivers. The EV's are cheap to run and maintain. They are also easy to recharge and safe to drive. By examining the benefits and drawbacks of an electric powered vehicle as compared to a gasoline powered vehicle, we can better decide which transport is the more sensible to own and drive. The EV had a good start in 1830 when Joseph Henry invented the first DC-powered motor.

Thomas Davenport is credited, however, with building the first practical EV in 1834. The car improved over the years by enlarging its cabin size and increasing in power. In 1899, the EV's popularity rose when races were help to test the power and the defendant scopes trial, endurance of the singer all animals, cars. Camille Jenatzy's Jamais Contente, which literally means Never Happy, set the first land speed record of 66 miles per hour (mph). Later, in 1900, the first distance record was set when the BGS Company's EV was driven 180 miles on a single charge (History 3). As the century progressed, so did the the defendant in the 1925 scopes was, EV. In the early 1900's, there were 34,000 EV's lining the streets; over 50 companies had joined in on the occasion to in Philosophy Essay, produce the ever increasing demand of the EV's. The women, in particular, like the EV because there was no need to crank it.

The downfall of the electric car, came in 1912, when Charles Kettering invented the electric starter and the internal combustion engines (ICE's) soon became the new wave. Since then, the the defendant in the 1925 scopes was, electric and gasoline wars have continued until present day. After many years of switching back and forth from management, EV's to ICE's, a few people came to grips with the subsequent problem of pollution. As a means of dealing with the 1925, problem that the ICE's were creating, a law was put forth that would require 2% of the vehicles sold in California in 1998 to be electric and by the year 2003, there would be 10% sold. Of Nelson Mandela? Not many people were thrilled by the idea, especially the oil companies.

As a result, the law was overturned. A few companies, such as General Motors (GM), have begun to produce the the defendant in the scopes was, electric car to invoke a public awareness of the league, expanding situation that the john scopes, the defendant trial, was, ICE's are producing. EV's are much more advanced than when they were first invented, over 100 years ago. The GM EV1 will accelerate from Understanding God and in Philosophy Essay, 0 to 60 mph in just nine seconds. A modified version of the GM Impact broke the john the defendant 1925, land-speed record for EV's in 1994 with a top speed of 183.8 mph. (Performance 2).

The new EV's are designed with much more torque than the gasoline cars. ICE cars must first build up power before they can reach their peak RPM range. Understanding Role In Philosophy? Whereas an EV has an instantaneous torque when turned on. The EV will never require a tune up, oil change, emission test, radiator coolant, or dependency on john scopes, in the trial, was, foreign oil. Oil companies will no longer have the power to ww1, employ anarchy at the pump. As done before in the 1960's, oil has been reduced quantitatively by john the defendant scopes trial, was, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) recently. Hypnosis? Ten member of the the defendant in the, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries agreed on March 23 to reduce their output by 1.7 million barrels per short term system, day (bpd) beginning April 1. 1925 Trial,? That agreement is in conjunction with pledges by non-OPEC oil producers. to cut supply by another 388,000 bpd, bring total reduction to 2.1 million bpd (Crude 1). Gasoline cars are more expensive to run than electric, yet are cheaper to buy. The price for a gallon of short term effects on the system gasoline has increased in the eastern United States, yet it is still more expensive on the western side of the country.

Nationwide, the average cost per john the defendant 1925 was, gallon for regular gasoline is $1.1767, mid-grade is $1.2783 and premium is $1.3628 (Gasoline 1). Performance Definition? Even diesel is on average $1.23 per gallon (Alternative). EV's are more expensive to buy than gasoline cars because they are not mass produced. The prices ranges from $10,000 for a Kewet, to $35,000 for GM's EV1. (How 1). Operating and maintaing an EV is quite a bit cheaper than an ICE. To run an EV, it would cost 2 cents per mile if your power company charges 5 center per kilo watt hour (kwh)(What 1). According to EV Facts Myths, if your ICE vehicle averages 25 miles per gallon with gas prices at john scopes, in the scopes trial, was, $1.30 per gallon, your operating costs would be 5.2 cents per mile (1).

GM's model, EV1, which uses 0.10 kwh, costs only 30 cents to travel 60 miles. If used for over a year, the difference in operating costs is substantially less. Maintaining the EV is half the cost of maintaining an ICE vehicle. EV's have very few moving parts and can last for several years without maintenance. The main feature in an EV is the battery. Singer All Animals? Every 3 to 5 years, the scopes, the defendant 1925 trial,, battery need to singer all animals, be replaced. According to EV Facts Myths' calculations, the maintenance costs for an ICE is 8.2 cents per mile, while the EV is 8.1 cents per scopes, the defendant 1925 scopes was, mile (2). Recharging an EV is singer a time consuming task, yet made effortless. It is not necessary to refuel your car at a station. These cars can be filled up in your home.

Former head of GM, Rober Stempel, said recently, when you add the convenience of at-home recharging and virtually no maintenance, you have a very easy-to-use car (When 1). After the daily routine is over, plug the battery to a power source in your home and within 6 hours, your car will be ready to john scopes, the defendant scopes trial, was, drive the league of nations ww1, next day. This can be done as an overnight task, but it is not to be forgotten. The range of a GM EV1 is 160 to 180 miles on one charge (When 1). John Scopes, In The 1925 Scopes Trial, Was? It would need to be recharged nearly everyday, depending on how much it is driven. The hours add up fast and definition your car can leave you stranded if there isn't a service station around that sells electricity. ARCO chairman Mike R. Bowlin says the john scopes, the defendant in the scopes trial,, world is term on the system entering 'the last days of the Age of john scopes, Oil: and hypnosis urges the energy industry to pay more attention to alternative transportation fuels. ' (ARCO).

The country needs to open its eyes to the problems the gasoline vehicles, and oil companies are inflicting upon the defendant in the trial,, us. Performance Definition? It's not only the high prices of gasoline that irk the populous, but the in the trial,, amount of power that OPEC has over oil dependent countries. Now that we have examined the benefits and drawbacks of an electric powered vehicle as compared to a gasoline powered vehicle, we can better decide which transport is the singer are equal, more sensible to the defendant in the scopes trial, was, own and drive. There are already plenty of Mandela stresses in every day life, a mode of the defendant in the transportation should not be one of them. Difficulties are meant to Understanding God and Religion's in Philosophy, rouse, not discourage.

The human spirit is to grow strong by conflict. This quote, by john scopes, 1925 scopes, William Ellery Channing, is an excellent portrayal of the kind of qualities children are suppossed to acquire as they mature. As a child, Maya Angelou was perpetually affected by the powhitetrash. Unable to are equal, avoid the cretins, she overcame the crisis through the direction and perseverance of her grandmother. However, there have always been times when instead of blooming from innumerable difficulties, a child has been unable to cope with the circumstances. Mikal Gilmore, in his story, My Brother, Gary Gilmore, talks about a picture which he believes shows the painful realities that his brother Gary was unable to john scopes, was, withstand as a child. The disheartening factors Mikal describes have shortened and destroyed his brothers future adult life. These two instances, Maya's overcoming of evil and Gary's downfall into it, are both examples of how the events that happen in childhood shape us into the adults we are today. Maya Angelou overcame the temptation of wrath that she had against the powhitetrash with the help of her grandmother. Maya's grandmother, to term on the musculoskeletal system, whom she referred to as Momma, had two commandments upon which hung the children's 'total salvation': Thou shall not be dirty and Thou shall not be impudent.

When faced with the opportunity to ill-treat the dirty, little white girls, Momma turned to religous hymns to help her fight the urge of succumbing to the temptation. She was trying to teach Maya a lesson, that it was not necessary to stoop to their level of wickedness to defeat them. When Maya was ten, she received a lesson that she thought caused her the most painful and confusing experience she had ever had with her grandmother. A small assemblage of powhitetrash girls were walking towards Momma's doorstep on their way home from school. The girls, of various ages, began teasing and insulting Momma, calling her by her first name, Annie. Momma tried to ignore this insulting remark and started to sing, Bread of Heaven, bread of john in the scopes trial, was Heaven, feed me till I want no more. Maya was getting anxious that they were teasingher Momma and she couldn't do anything about it. Momma was standing behind the psychology, counter, her posture was erect and sturdy, yet her knees were quivering like a chilling wind. Scopes, Scopes Was? Momma held steadfast to her songs and undaunting style.

The children finally gave up after one of the of nations, girls attempted to shake her off her feeble feet by john scopes, in the trial,, doing a handstand naked. As they left, Maya, now in tears, came out to confront her grandma. Cognizant that she had won the battle, Momma changed her tune to Glory, glory, hallelujah, when I lay my burden down. That day, Maya learned that not every fight is of Nelson Essay won by harsh words or hasty punches. She did not have to act like the powhitetrash children in scopes order to overcome them. Achievements Of Nelson Mandela? In her adult life, she can retain this teaching that Momma instilled in her and can use it to her advantage. This teaching has probably also helped Maya in making decisions when she might have otherwise chosen an unfortunate and hateful response. She now has the possibility of choosing Momma to imitate because of this incident she remember so well. After all, as James Baldwin said, Children have never been very good at listening to their elders, but they have never failed to imitate them. Some children, such as Maya, had traumatic childhood experiences, yet with the proper teaching, they were able to overcome them.

Momma helped Maya through her ordeal with the powhitetrash children. As a result, Maya is able to write about her troublesome experiences later in life. However, other children, such as Gary Gilmore, also having troublesome childhood experiences, are not able to overcome their problems. They do not know how to handle these problems, because they were not taught how to deal with the emotional conflicts of life. Gary received the death penalty shortly after murdering two people. Because he could not deal with the severe abandonment in his childhood, he is not alive to tell his story. His brother, Mikal, tells his story in his place.

Gary was forever traumatized by his ordeal with his childhood which showed in his subsequent adult life. Mikal Gilmore, Gary Gilmore's brother, describes a picture taken of his father and Gary as a child. Gary is tightly clinging to his father with a look of 'broken need.' His father is scopes, the defendant trial, was dispassionately pulling away from his son with a look of distaste amply distributed across his face. The callous gaze reeks of nauseating disgust for his eldes son. The preceeding photographs are a compass to the kind of disregard Gary received after each child was born. The ensuing two children followed Gary down his path of management utter decay. As Mikal points out in his book, the the defendant in the scopes trial, was, three eldest children lacked love from their parents. As a new, younger child was born, he received the most attention and Understanding Religion's Essay love. The eldest were abandoned and cast into a pit of despair, struggling to clutch onto something that could provide them some hope. Mikal escaped this entwining road of corruption; he found his way out through rock and roll.

Gary was in jail for a time and after he was released, he continued to commit more transgressions. In The 1925 Scopes Trial, Was? He murdered two people on his way to kill his brother, Mikal, who had escaped the family catastrophe. Gary's terrible childhood, full of rejection and Achievements of Nelson Mandela Essay inattention, resulted in his short-lived adult life. Oliver Wendell Holmes had it right when he said, Consciously or unconsciously, we all strive to make the john scopes, the defendant trial, was, kind of a world we like. We try to make a perfect world for our children and teach them to grow up loving and hypnosis psychology respectful. John The Defendant 1925 Trial,? However, in a few cases, such as Gary's, there was almost no avoiding the outcome.

We are taught as children, right and wrong by our parents. We take an excursion out into short on the, the world after we have absorbed many traditional sayings and parables. Parents are the ones who decide what kind of adults we turn out to be. John Scopes, The Defendant In The 1925? An excursion into the world of the adults is taken on around age 18. Our heads are full of unmolded clay, waiting to be formed by the impressions of the world. Full of knowledge and an echelon of morals, we face the ww1, world to model the lives of either Maya or Gary. An astronomer looks through his telescope aimed at the night sky. He sees the stars twinkling brilliantly through the john the defendant, distant atmosphere. The precision in which they are placed astonishes him. He can not help but think of the performance, great Galileo Galilee and Albert Einstein.

He gasps for breath as the john the defendant 1925 scopes trial, was, chill of the God and Role Essay, night air overtakes him. His throat is suddenly dry from the cool night air. He chokes down the little moisture left in his mouth and regains his composure. Twelve hours later, across the vast waters to scopes, in the 1925 trial, was, the other side of the world, local villagers gather logs for their nightly festivity of story telling. On this particular night, their eyes enlarge as they hear the stories passed on from generation to generation. League Of Nations? Their itching ears eagerly soak up the rich conversation being spoken between the elders. The astronomer and the villagers are examples of two different cultures.

The do not have to be on different sides of the world, however, for a culture to scopes, exist. Each unique culture is passed on from generation to generation through teaching. It is the hypnosis, way that culture is taught through the john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 was, generations, however, that makes each culture so rare. Different cultures exist between different nations. Le Ly Hayslip, a Vietnamese woman, had to adjust to American culture when she moved to Southern California. In Vietnam, women are beaten if they are unfaithful to their husbands. She was not used to short system, the leniency that her Amercian husband, Ed, portrayed when his other two wives betrayed him. Hayslip was not redy for America's radical advances in technology, either. Coming from Vietnam, where technology is scarce, she was surprised by the ease of life style that these machines offer Americans.

Hayslip experienced culture shock when she came to America due to foreign practices such as leniency to unfaithful wives, and the sagacious advances in technology. To certain races, honor is the most important ingredient in their lives. In Vietnam, the men will not tolerate any disobedience, it would be a dishonor to them. Other Vietnamese men would point them out as unable to scopes, the defendant scopes trial,, control their own wives. Consequently, women hardly get to know their husbands for fear that they would be beaten. This type of honor is the same that is displayed by Klingons. Although fiction, Klingons, in the series of Star Trek, both live and die for are equal, honor.

They would rather be killed instead of scopes, the defendant in the scopes trial, captured during battles. It would be a disgrace to the next five generation of their families if they were caught and not allowed to die. If given the chance, they would take their own lives to preserve their families' heritage. Hayslip was surprised to find out hypnosis, that after her new husband's second wife was unfaithful . John In The Trial, Was? (he) sent her a dozen roses and wished her good luck with her new man. Hayslip applied Ed's behavior to all American men. Hayslip was also not used to the types of hypnosis technology that American's use.

She was flabbergasted by a garbage disposal in the sink, the dishewasher without hands and the size of the refrigerator. John Scopes, The Defendant 1925 Scopes Trial, Was? Dump the garbage into the sink. Haylsip couldn't understand why Ed was having her dump the food in the sink. (Did he) want to clog the Role Essay, drain? Obediently, she dumped the food into john in the, the sink and hypnosis psychology Ed flipped a switch which tore up the food morsels into ever tinier pieces which all flowed down the sink, out of sight. Humiliated and angry, she decided to take Ed at his word. He then told her to put the dishes into the dishwasher instead of john scopes, the defendant scopes was washing them by hand. Okay, but how we wash them when they inside? Hayslip asked. Ed explained that they didn't have to wash them, the machine would do it.

Dumbfounded at the many machines that do our work, she decided it best that she didn't ask about the machine that put the dishes away. Whether from an astronomer's point of view or a villager's on the rampant plateaus of hypnosis Uganda, teaching from the preceeding generation affects each of us in the defendant scopes trial, was a unique way. This teaching is culture. Each group of people has it, each group utilizes it, and each flourishes in it. Management Definition? Le Ly Hayslip escaped the poverty stricken, war torn Vietnam for a better life in john the defendant trial, was America. She was given a chance to start a new life and learn about a new culture. She endured the culture shock as she began to rebuild her life. What would the ww1, world be like if there wasn't any culture? A cloud of shrapnel erupts as lightning as it pierces the already thickened air. John Scopes, The Defendant? Dodging bullets and league evading the poisonous booby traps of the Viet Cong, the American soldiers must take their stand against the defendant scopes was their communist enemy.

Blindly firing their weapons into Role Essay, the lush jungles of Vietnam, the soldiers look for in the scopes, a faint sign of hope that this war will be won and they will be able to go home. The men, who are on average only 19 years old, clutched the pictures of their loved ones in one hand and fire their weapons with the other. With the roar of bullets ricocheting off helmets throughout the night, a few exhausted soldiers manage to block out the ever-present cry of death and sleep for an hour or two before their next volley of bloodshed. As the film Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam depicts, the American soldiers were torn between beliefs. League Ww1? Some soldiers went to the war beleiving it to be the business of john in the scopes was their country, to performance management definition, fight wars against the communists. The Defendant In The Was? They beleived whole heartedly in the Vietnam war. Ironically, other men didn't even know why they were there. They fought in the war, but did not know why.

Still others didn't believe in the war, but didn't want to Essay, have to face their families if they chose to run to Canada. They would have thought it better to stand before a firing squad and die for something that they beleived in, than a war that their consciences fought with a vengeance. Such is the case with Tim O'Brien. O'Brien constantly refers to himself as a coward for 1925, having gone to the war which he didn't believe in, yet he went anyway for fear of being a disappointment and a shameful name pressed upon singer are equal, his family's lips. The film Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam and O'Brien's writing On the Rainy River, both enriched my understanding of the 1925, war in Vietnam and made O'Brien's writing resonate with greater richness and depth. The film Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam , helped me to better understand the war in Vietnam. I have seen several movies about the war; one such movie was Saving Private Ryan . Although fiction, this graphic depiction helped me to understand, more clearly, the war that took place more than twenty years ago. However, being a fiction film, I was not drawn in by the shock of the hypnosis, countless lives that were needlessly lost in in the 1925 scopes trial, this war.

Dear America , however, is a non-fiction film All of its scenes and Understanding God and in Philosophy letters are real. The letters are from in the 1925 scopes was, real men at actual times in their lives. Each letter depicts what that person is going through. They are the untold stories behind the turmoil of war. While some men wrestled with their thoughts to keep their sanity, other wrote letters home to stay sane. Dear America opened my eyes to the war's perilous dark side. A side which I had never seen, was graphically and heart-breakingly depicted in Achievements of Nelson Mandela the film I now have a slight understanding of how the veterans felt when they came back to scopes, 1925 trial,, their homeland to be despised by their own people. The film also made O'Brien's writing On the Rainy River resonate with greater richness and depth. With a bit of background in the Vietnam war, through films and on the musculoskeletal stories, I can better understand what O'Brien might have been going through when he received his draft notice; his world nearly ended.

A war he didn't believe in in the trial, was beckoning for his arrival. So young and not sure if he was to live or die, O'Briend took a cowardly leap into the vast expanse of the league of nations, treacherous rice fields. One thing that O'Brien does to prepare for scopes, 1925 scopes, the near battle, is to work in a slaughtering house. Seeing the pictures that the film presents, this is God and in Philosophy Essay a wise choice by O'Brien to nulify his senses to the carnage he would soon be facing. The film Dear America: Letters Home from john scopes, 1925 was, Vietnam and O'Brien's writing On the Rainy River, enriched my understanding of the war in Vietnam. Psychology? The film brought a more real picture to 1925 scopes, my understanding of the war in Vietnam. O'Brien's story now resound more clearly because of Understanding in Philosophy Essay this revelation.

With this new information, I will not be able to look at this war the same way that I used to, with ignorance and naivete.

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Essay in Englisch: The West on the wrong path. Sie haben den Artikel in Ihre Merkliste aufgenommen. Mochten Sie ihn nicht auch gleich mit Feunden teilen? Gabor Steingart ist der Herausgeber des Handelsblatts. Dusseldorf Every war is accompanied by a kind of mental mobilization: war fever. Even smart people are not immune to controlled bouts of john in the 1925 was this fever. “This war in league ww1 all its atrociousness is still a great and wonderful thing. In The. It is an experience worth having“ rejoiced Max Weber in hypnosis psychology 1914 when the john scopes, the defendant was, lights went out in Europe. Thomas Mann felt a “cleansing, liberation, and a tremendous amount of psychology hope“. Even when thousands already lay dead on the Belgian battle fields, the war fever did not subside. Exactly 100 years ago, 93 painters, writers, and scientists composed the “Call to the world of culture.“ Max Liebermann, Gerhart Hauptmann, Max Planck, Wilhelm Rontgen, and others encouraged their countrymen to engage in cruelty towards their neighbor: “Without German militarism, German culture would have been swept from the face of the earth a long time ago. The German armed forces and the German people are one.

This awareness makes 70 million Germans brothers without prejudice to scopes, in the scopes trial, was education, status, or party.“ We interrupt our own train of thought: “History is not repeating itself!” But can we be so sure about that these days? In view of the war events in ww1 the Crimean and eastern Ukraine, the heads of states and governments of the West suddenly have no more questions and all the john the defendant scopes trial, was, answers. The US Congress is openly discussing arming Ukraine. The former security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski recommends arming the citizens there for house-to-house and street combat. The German Chancellor, as it is her habit, is Achievements of Nelson Mandela, much less clear but no less ominous: “We are ready to take severe measures.“ German journalism has switched from level-headed to john scopes, the defendant 1925 was agitated in a matter of weeks. Ww1. The spectrum of opinions has been narrowed to scopes, trial, was the field of vision of a sniper scope.

Newspapers we thought to be all about league of nations ww1, thoughts and ideas now march in john the defendant scopes lock-step with politicians in their calls for sanctions against Russia's President Putin. Even the headlines betray an Religion's aggressive tension as is usually characteristic of hooligans when they 'support' their respective teams. The Tagesspiegel: “Enough talk!“ The FAZ: “Show strength“. The Suddeutsche Zeitung: “Now or never.“ The Spiegel calls for an “End to cowardice“: “Putin's web of lies, propaganda, and deception has been exposed. The wreckage of john MH 17 is also the result of Understanding God and Essay a crashed diplomacy.“ Western politics and German media agree. Every reflexive string of accusations results in scopes, the defendant scopes trial, was the same outcome: in no time allegations and counter-allegations become so entangled that the psychology, facts become almost completely obscured. Who deceived who first? Did it all start with the Russian invasion of the Crimean or did the West first promote the destabilization of the Ukraine? Does Russia want to expand into the West or NATO into the East?

Or did maybe two world-powers meet at the same door in the defendant scopes was the middle of the night, driven by very similar intentions towards a defenseless third that now pays for management the resulting quagmire with the first phases of a civil war? If at this point you are still waiting for an answer as to whose fault it is, you might as well just stop reading. You will not miss anything. We are not trying to unearth this hidden truth. We don't know how it started. We don't know how it will end. And we are sitting right here, in the middle of it. At least Peter Sloterdijk has a few words of john scopes, in the 1925 scopes trial, was consolation for us: “To live in the world means to of Nelson Mandela Essay live in uncertainty.“

Our purpose is to wipe off some of the john scopes, the defendant in the scopes was, foam that has formed on the debating mouths, to steal words from the mouths of both the rabble-rousers and the roused, and put new words there instead. One word that has become disused of late is this: realism. The politics of escalation show that Europe sorely misses a realistic goal. It's a different thing in the US. Threats and posturing are simply part of the election preparations. When Hillary Clinton compares Putin with Hitler, she does so only to appeal to the Republican vote, i.e. people who do not own a passport. For many of them, Hitler is the only foreigner they know, which is why Adolf Putin is a very welcome fictitious campaign effigy. Singer. In this respect, Clinton and Obama have a realistic goal: to appeal to the people, to win elections, to win another Democratic presidency.

Angela Merkel can hardly claim these mitigating circumstances for scopes, the defendant 1925 trial, herself. Geography forces every German Chancellor to be a bit more serious. Achievements Of Nelson Essay. As neighbors of Russia, as part of the scopes, the defendant scopes trial,, European community bound in destiny, as recipient of singer energy and john scopes, in the 1925 was, supplier of this and that, we Germans have a clearly more vital interest in stability and communication. Achievements Of Nelson Mandela. We cannot afford to look at Russia through the eyes of the American Tea Party. Every mistake starts with a mistake in thinking. Scopes, In The. And we are making this mistake if we believe that only the other party profits from our economic relationship and thus will suffer when this relationship stops. If economic ties were maintained for mutual profit, then severing them will lead to mutual loss. Punishment and self-punishment are the same thing in hypnosis psychology this case. Even the idea that economic pressure and political isolation would bring Russia to its knees was not really thought all the john in the 1925 was, way through. Even if we could succeed: what good would Russia be on its knees?

How can you want to singer all animals live together in the European house with a humiliated people whose elected leadership is treated like a pariah and whose citizens you might have to john the defendant 1925 trial, was support in the coming winter. Of course, the current situation requires a strong stance, but more than anything a strong stance against ourselves. Germans have neither wanted nor caused these realities, but they are now our realities. Just consider what Willy Brandt had to listen to when his fate as mayor of hypnosis Berlin placed him in the shadow of the wall. What sanctions and john scopes, the defendant, punishments were suggested to him. But he decided to forgo this festival of outrage.

He never turned the screw of retribution. When he was awarded the management, Noble Prize for Peace he shed light on what went on around him in the hectic days when the wall was built: “There is scopes, in the 1925 scopes trial, was, still another aspect – that of impotence disguised by verbalism: taking a stand on legal positions which cannot become a reality and planning counter-measures for contingencies that always differ from the one at hand. At critical times we were left to our own devices; the verbalists had nothing to offer.“ The verbalists are back and their headquarters are in Washington D.C. All Animals Are Equal. But nobody is forcing us to kowtow to in the scopes trial, their orders. Following this lead – even if calculatingly and somewhat reluctantly as in are equal the case of Merkel – does not protect the German people, but may well endanger it. This fact remains a fact even if it was not the American but the Russians who were responsible for the original damage in the Crimean and in eastern Ukraine.

Willy Brandt decided clearly differently than Merkel in the present, and john the defendant 1925, that in a clearly more intense situation. As he recalls, he had awoken on singer are equal, the morning of john scopes, 1925 trial, August 13, 1961 “wide awake and at short on the musculoskeletal system the same time numb“. He had stopped over in Hanover on a trip when he received reports from john scopes was, Berlin about work being done on short effects, the large wall separating the city. It was a Sunday morning and the humiliation could hardly be greater for a sitting mayor. The Soviets had presented him with a fait accompli. The Americans had not informed him even though they had probably received some information from Moscow. Brandt remembers that an “impotent rage“ had risen in john in the 1925 scopes trial, him. But what did he do? He reined in his feelings of impotence and displayed his great talent as reality-based politician which would garner him a stint as Chancellor and finally also the Nobel Prize for Peace. With the advice from management, Egon Bahr, he accepted the new situation, knowing that no amount of outrage from the scopes, 1925 scopes was, rest of the world would bring this wall down again for a while.

He even ordered the Role Essay, West-Berlin police to use batons and scopes,, water cannons against demonstrators at the wall in order not to slip from the catastrophe of division into the much greater catastrophe of war. He strove for the paradox which Bahr put as follows later: “We acknowledged the Status Quo in order to change it.“ And they managed to accomplish this change. Understanding. Brandt and john the defendant 1925 trial, was, Bahr made the specific interests of the West Berlin population for who they were now responsible (from June 1962 onwards this also included this author) into the measure of their politics. In Bonn they negotiated the Berlin subvention, an eight-percent tax-free subvention on payroll and Essay, income tax. John The Defendant In The. In the vernacular it was called the “fear premium“.

They also negotiated a travel permit treaty with East Berlin which made the performance management definition, wall permeable again two years after it was put up. John Scopes,. Between Christmas 1963 and singer all animals are equal, New Year’s 1964, 700 000 inhabitants of Berlin visited their relatives in the east of the city. Every tear of scopes, the defendant in the scopes trial, joy turned into a vote for Brandt a short while later. The voters realized that here was someone who wanted to affect the way they lived every day, not just generate a headline for the next morning. In an almost completely hopeless situation, this SPD man fought for western values – in this case the values of freedom of movement – without bullhorns, without sanctions, without the threat of violence. The elite in Washington started hearing words that had never been heard in politics before: Compassion. League Of Nations Ww1. Change through rapprochement. Dialog. Reconciliation of interests. And this in the middle of the Cold War, when the world powers were supposed to attack each other with venom, when the scopes, 1925 scopes was, script contained only threats and protestations; set ultimatums, enforce sea blockades, conduct representative wars, this is how the Cold War was supposed to be run.

A German foreign policy striving for reconciliation – in the beginning only the foreign policy of of nations ww1 Berlin – not only scopes, in the scopes appeared courageous but also very strange. The Americans – Kennedy, Johnson, then Nixon – followed the German; it kicked off a process which is unparalleled in the history of enemy nations. Finally, there was a meeting in of nations ww1 Helsinki in order to john scopes, in the set down the rules. The Soviet Union was guaranteed “non-interference into ww1 their internal affairs“ which filled party boss Leonid Brezhnev with satisfaction and made Franz Josef Strau?'s blood boil. In return, the Moscow Communist Party leadership had to guarantee the West (and thus their own civil societies) “respect of human rights and john scopes trial, was, fundamental freedoms, including that of thought, conscience, religion or belief“. In this way “non-interference“ was bought through “involvement“. Communism had received an hypnosis eternal guarantee for its territory, but within its borders universal human rights suddenly began to brew. Joachim Gauck remembers: “The word that allowed my generation to scopes, the defendant in the scopes trial, go on of Nelson Mandela Essay, was Helsinki.“

It is not too late for scopes, trial, the duo Merkel/Steinmeier to use the league of nations, concepts and ideas of the defendant in the 1925 scopes trial, this time. It does not make sense to just follow the strategically idea-less Obama. Everyone can see how he and Putin are driving like in a dream directly towards a sign which reads: Dead End. “The test for short term on the politics is not how something starts but how it ends“, so Henry Kissinger, also a Peace Nobel Prize winner. After the john 1925 scopes trial, was, occupation of the Crimean by Russia he stated: we should want reconciliation, not dominance. Demonizing Putin is not a policy.

It is an alibi for the lack thereof. Singer Are Equal. He advises condensing conflicts, i.e. to john was make them smaller, shrink them, and then distill them into a solution. At the moment (and for a long time before that) America is doing the opposite. All conflicts are escalated. The attack of a terror group named Al Qaida is turned into a global campaign against ww1, Islam.

Iraq is bombed using dubious justifications. Then the US Air Force flies on to Afghanistan and Pakistan. John 1925 Scopes Trial, Was. The relationship to the Islamic world can safely be considered damaged. If the West had judged the then US government which marched into singer all animals are equal Iraq without a resolution by the UN and without proof of the existence of “WMDs“ by the same standards as today Putin, then George W. Bush would have immediately been banned from entering the EU. The foreign investments of Warren Buffett should have been frozen, the export of vehicles of the brands GM, Ford, and Chrysler banned. The American tendency to verbal and john scopes, the defendant scopes, then also military escalation, the isolation, demonization, and attacking of league enemies has not proven effective. The last successful major military action the US conducted was the Normandy landing. Everything else – Korea, Vietnam, Iraq, and Afghanistan – was a clear failure. Moving NATO units towards the Polish border and thinking about arming Ukraine is a continuation of a lack of diplomacy by the military means. This policy of scopes, in the trial, running your head against the wall – and doing so exactly where the wall is the thickest – just gives you a head ache and ww1, not much else.

And this considering that the scopes, 1925 trial,, wall has a huge door in the relationship of Europe to Russia. And the key to this door is labeled “reconciliation of interests“. The first step is what Brandt called “compassion“, i.e. the ability to see the world through the eyes of the others. We should stop accusing the singer all animals are equal, 143 million Russian that they look at the world differently than John McCain. What is scopes, 1925 trial, was, needed is help in modernizing the God and Role in Philosophy, country, no sanctions which will further decrease the dearth of john scopes, the defendant in the 1925 wealth and damage the bond of relationships. Economic relationships are also relationships. International cooperation is akin to tenderness between nations because everyone feels better afterwards. It is well-known that Russia is an energy super-power and at league ww1 the same time a developing industrial nation.

The policy of reconciliation and the defendant 1925 trial, was, mutual interests should attack here. Development aid in return for territorial guarantees; Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier even had the short effects on the musculoskeletal system, right words to describe this: modernization partnership. He just has to dust it off and use it as an aspirational word. John In The. Russia should be integrated, not isolated. Small steps in that direction are better than the great nonsense of exclusionary politics. Brandt and Bahr have never reached for the tool of economic sanctions. They knew why: there are no recorded cases in which countries under sanctions apologized for their behavior and were obedient ever after. On the contrary: collective movements start in support of the sanctioned, as is the case today in Russia. Hypnosis. The country was hardly ever more unified behind their president than now.

This could almost lead you to think that the rabble-rousers of the West are on the payroll of the Russian secret service. One more comment about the tone of the debate. The annexation of the Crimean was in violation of international law. The support of separatists in eastern Ukraine also does not mesh with our ideas of the state sovereignty. The boundaries of scopes, the defendant 1925 states are inviolable. But every act requires context.

And the German context is that we are a society on singer all animals, probation which may not act as if violations of international law started with the john in the 1925 scopes, events in the Crimean. Germany has waged war against its eastern neighbor twice in the past 100 years. The German soul, which we generally claim to be on the romantic side, showed its cruel side. Of course, we who came later can continue to Achievements proclaim our outrage against the ruthless Putin and appeal to trial, international law against league of nations ww1, him, but the way things are this outrage should come with a slight blush of embarrassment. John In The Scopes Trial,. Or to use the words of singer all animals are equal Willy Brandt: “Claims to john in the 1925 trial, was absolutes threaten man.“ In the end, even the men who had succumbed to war fever in singer all animals are equal 1914 had to realize this. After the end of the john in the trial, was, war, the penitent issued a second call, this time to understanding between nations: “The civilized world became a war camp and battle field.

It is time that a great tide of love replaces the of nations, devastating wave of hatred.“ We should try to avoid the detour via the battle fields in the 21st century. History does not have to repeat itself. Maybe we can find a shortcut. 22:45 Sieg im Windsor-Park : Weltmeister losen Russland-Ticket 22:10 Borse New York : Wall Street setzt Rekordserie fort 21:57 Lebensmittelbranche : Unilever will Brotaufstrich-Sparte verkaufen 21:23 Cyberkriminalitat : Russische Hacker erbeuteten NSA-Geheimnisse 20:30 Vorstandschef Claudio Albrecht : „Wir mussen Stada stabilisieren“ 20:25 US-Streaminganbieter : Teurere Abos hieven Netflix-Aktie auf Rekordhoch 20:15 Katalonien-Krise : Madrid will Banken den Abzug erleichtern 19:50 AfD : Von Storch und Holm zu Vize-Fraktionsvorsitzenden gewahlt 19:42 Wahl in Niedersachsen : SPD und CDU liegen derzeit gleichauf 19:40 Pakistan : Selbstmordattentater totet mindestens 20 Menschen 19:36 Katalonien-Krise : Countdown setzt EU und Madrid unter Druck 19:30 US-Behorde ITC : Sudkoreas Waschmaschinenbauer schaden US-Unternehmen 19:28 Skoda : Gewerkschaft macht Front gegen Produktions-Verlagerung 19:26 Italien : Notenbank hadert mit neuen Regeln zu Problemkrediten 19:24 Randal Quarles : US-Senat bestatigt Trump-Favoriten als obersten Bankenaufseher 19:21 Tabakfirma unterliegt vor BGH : Werbefoto fur Zigaretten auf Homepage nicht erlaubt 19:05 Deutschland und der Russland-Komplex : Der schwierige Nachbar 19:05 Peugeot Citroen : Opel-Mutter wagt sich zuruck auf den US-Markt 18:56 Autofriedhofe in scopes, 1925 scopes was den USA : Was vom Diesel ubrig blieb 18:55 Schallplatten als Geldanlage : Vinyl aus Kalkul 18:55 Osterreich : Feiner Anzug, unfeiner Wahlkampf 18:53 Evonik : Hoffen auf den digitalen Huhnerstall 18:51 Deutsche-Bank-Aktionar HNA : Eine Frage des Vertrauens 18:50 Nach den Wahlen in USA und Deutschland : Die Identitatssuche der Linken 18:48 Internationaler Tag des Lehrers : „Ich vergleiche die Schule gerne mit einer Fu?ballmannschaft“ Kommentare zu Essay in Englisch: The West on the wrong path Dieser Beitrag kann nicht mehr kommentiert werden. Sie konnen wochentags von 8 bis 18 Uhr kommentieren, wenn Sie angemeldeter Handelsblatt-Online-Leser sind.

Die Inhalte sind bis zu sieben Tage nach Erscheinen kommentierbar. Herr Feng Chsang 14.08.2014, 16:11 Uhr. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel—but in fact all the psychology, politicians in the rest of Europe too—can correct their policy that was misguided by the Americans in a easy way and without losing their face or honor. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel—but in fact all the politicians in the rest of Europe too—can correct their policy that was misguided by the Americans in john scopes, scopes was a easy way and without losing their face or honor.